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Thì quá khứ đơn, tiếng anh nâng cao luyện thi thpt quốc gia

Thứ hai - 04/01/2021 01:18
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Các thì trong tiếng anh, tiếng anh chuyên sâu
Các thì trong tiếng anh, tiếng anh chuyên sâu
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A. PHƯƠNG PHÁP GIẢI

1. Cách dùng Thì quá khứ đơn

- Diễn đạt một hành động xảy ra một, một vài lần hoặc chưa bao giờ xảy ra trong quá khứ
- Diễn đạt các hành động xảy ra liên tiếp trong quá khứ
- Diễn đạt một hành động xen vào một hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ
- Dùng trong câu điều kiện loại II

2. Cấu trúc Thì quá khứ đơn

Thể Động từ tobe Động từ thường
Khẳng định (+) S + was/ were + ……
Trong đó:
- S = I/ He/ She/ It + was
- S= We/ You/ They + were
Ví dụ:
I was at my friend’s house yesterday morning.
(Tôi đã ở nhà bạn tôi sáng hôm qua. )
S + V-ed
Ví dụ:
We studied English last night.
(Tối qua chúng tôi đã học tiếng Anh. )
Phủ định (-) S + was/were not + ……
Trong đó:
– was not = wasn’t
– were not = weren’t
Ví dụ:
We weren’t at home yesterday.
(Hôm qua chúng tôi không ở nhà. )
S + did not + V (nguyên thể)
Trong thì quá khứ đơn câu phủ định ta mượn trợ động từ “did + not” (viết tắt là “didn’t), động từ theo sau ở dạng nguyên thể. )
Ví dụ:
He didn’t come to school last week.
(Tuần trước cậu ta không đến trường. )
Nghi vấn (?) Was/Were+ S + V(nguyên thể)?
Ví dụ:
- Was she tired of yesterday? (Cô ấy có bị mệt ngày hôm qua không?)
- Yes, she was. (Có, cô ấy có. )
Did + S + V(nguyên thể)?
Ví dụ:
- Did you visit Ho Chi Minh Museum with your class last weekend? (Bạn có đi thăm bảo tàng Hồ Chí Minh với lớp của bạn cuối tuần trước hay không?)
Yes, I did. (Có, mình có)

3. Dấu hiệu nhận biết Thì quá khứ đơn

Trong câu có các trạng từ chỉ thời gian trong quá khứ:
– yesterday (hôm qua)
– last night/ last week/ last month/ last year: tối qua/ tuần trước/ tháng trước/ năm ngoái
– ago: Cách đây. (two hours ago: cách đây 2 giờ/ two weeks ago: cách đây 2 ngày …)
– when: khi (trong câu kể)

B. BÀI TẬP RÈN LUYỆN KĨ NĂNG Thì quá khứ đơn

Task 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.
1. My sister (get) married last month.
2. Daisy (come) to her grandparents’ house 3 days ago.
3. My computer (be ) broken yesterday.
4. He (buy) me a big teddy bear on my birthday last week.
5. My friend (give) me a bar of chocolate when I (be) at school yesterday.
6. My children (not do) their homework last night.
7. You (live) here five years ago?
8. They (watch) TV late at night yesterday.
9. Your friend (be) at your house last weekend?
10. They (not be) excited about the film last night.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. got
2. came
3. was
4. bought
5. gave – was.
6. didn’t do
7. Did you live
8. watched
9. Was your friend at
10. weren’t
Task 2. Hoàn thành câu.
1. Linh ___________her maths homework yesterday. (to do)
2. Tuan ___________to Taiwan by plane? (to go)
3. We ___________a farm three weeks ago. (to visit)
4. Tuan and Tu ___________their brother. (not/to help)
5. The children ___________at home last sunday. (not/to be)
6. When ___________you ___________this wonderful dress? (to design)
7. My father ___________into the truck. (not/to crash)
8. Tuan ___________the basket of his bicycle. (to take off)
9. ___________you ___________your uncle last weekend? (to phone)
10. She ___________milk at class. (not/to drink)
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. did
2. Did Susan go
3. visited
4. did not help
5. were not
6. did you design
7. did not crash
8. took off
9. Did you phone
10. did not drink
Task 3. Use the Past form of the verbs
1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client.
2. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.
3. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full.
4. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we (have) reservations.
5. I (say), "No, my secretary forgets to make them. "
6. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours.
7. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car.
8. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store.
9. We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches.
10. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client.
2. We drove around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.
3. When we arrived at the restaurant, the place was full.
4. The waitress asked us if we had reservations.
5. I said, "No, my secretary forgets to make them. "
6. The waitress told us to come back in two hours.
7. My client and I slowly walked back to the car.
8. Then we saw a small grocery store.
9. We stopped in the grocery store and bought some sandwiches.
10. That was better than waiting for two hours.
Task 4. Viết lại câu sử dụng từ gợi ý đã cho.
1. Yesterday/I/see/him/on/way/come home.
2. What/you/do/last night//You/look/tired/when/come/my house/morning.
3. She/not/eat/anything/because/tired.
4. dogs/go/out/her/go shopping//They/seem/happy.
5. you/not/study/lesson?
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. Yesterday, I saw him on the way I came home.
2. What did you do last night? You looked tired when you came to my house.
3. She didn’t eat anything because she was tired.
4. The dogs went out with her to go shopping. They looked very happy.
5. Did you not study the lesson?
Task 5. Hoàn thành đoạn văn.
Last year, I (spend) _______ my summer holiday with my family. We (decide) _______ to go to Danang and Hoi-An because these places are famous for being beautiful. On the first day of the trip, we (go) _______ to My-Khe beach. While my father (swim) _______, my sister (build) _______ the sand castle. On the second day, we (rent) _______ a car nearby our hotel and (drive) _______ to Hoi An. When we (drive) _______, it (rain) _______. However, it (not affect) _______ our trip much. We (visit) _______ some old temples and (eat) _______ famous food there. When we (walk) _______ around the ancient town, we (see) _______ a lot of lanterns hung in front of every house. We really (have) _______ fun in our trip.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. spent      9. rained
2. decided      10. did not affect
3. went       11. visited
4. was swimming      12. ate
5. was building       13. were walking
6. rented      14. saw
7. drove      15. had
8. were driving
Task 6. Chia động từ trong ngoặc.
1. While Tom (read) , Amely (watch) a documentary on TV.
2. Marvin (come) home, (switch) on the computer and (check) his emails.
3. The thief (sneak) into the house, (steal) the jewels and (leave) without a trace.
4. Nobody (listen) while the teacher (explain) the tenses.
5. While we (do) a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) on the beach.
6. He (wake) up and (look) at his watch.
7. The receptionist (welcome) the guests and (ask) them to fill in the form.
8. The car (break) down and we (have) to walk home.
9. The boys (swim) while the girls (sunbathe) .
10. My father (come) in, (look) around and (tell) me to tidy up my room.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. was reading – was watching
2. came – switched – checked
3. sneaked – stole – left
4. listened – was explaining
5. were doing – were lying
6. woke – looked
7. welcomed – asked
8. broke – had
9. were swimming – were sunbathing
10. came – looked – told
Task 7. Chia động từ quá khư đơn hoặc quá khứ tiếp diễn.
1. While Tom (read) , Amely (watch) a documentary on TV.
2. Marvin (come) home, (switch) on the computer and (check) his emails.
3. The thief (sneak) into the house, (steal) the jewels and (leave) without a trace.
4. Nobody (listen) while the teacher (explain) the tenses.
5. While we (do) a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) on the beach.
6. He (wake) up and (look) at his watch.
7. The receptionist (welcome) the guests and (ask) them to fill in the form.
8. The car (break) down and we (have) to walk home.
9. The boys (swim) while the girls (sunbathe) .
10. My father (come) in, (look) around and (tell) me to tidy up my room.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. was reading – was watching
2. came – switched – checked
3. sneaked – stole – left
4. listened – was explaining
5. were doing – were lying
6. woke – looked
7. welcomed – asked
8. broke – had
9. were swimming – were sunbathing
10. came – looked – told
Task 8. Chia động từ thì quá khứ đơn hoặc quá khứ hoàn thành.
1. Almost everybody (leave)………. by the time we (arrive)…………. .
2. He (wonder)………. whether he (leave)……………. his wallet at home.
3. The secretary (not leave)……………. until she (finish)…………. her work.
4. The couple scarcely (enter)………. the house when they (begin)………. to argue.
5. The teacher (ask)…………. the boy why he (not do)……………. his homework.
6. She already (post)………. the letter when she (realize)…………. she (send)…………. it to the wrong address.
7. Hardly the car (go)…………. a mile when it (have)…………. a flat tyre.
8. The weather (be)………. far worse than we (expect)…………………. .
9. They (be married)…………. for five years when they finally (have)………. . a child.
10. No sooner they (sell)…………. their car than they (regret)…………. having done so.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. had left – arrived
2. wondered – had left
3. didn’t leave – had finished
4. had entered – argued
5. asked – hadn’t done
6. had posted – realized – had sent
7. had the car gone – had
8. was – hadexpected
9. had been married – had
10. had they sold – regretted
Task 9. Chia động từ phù hợp vào chỗ trống.
1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the park with my brother.
2. The cashier (tell)______ us to come back in two hours.
3. When we (arrive) ______ at the stadium, the place (be) ______ full.
4. Then we (see) ______ a small store.
5. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 30 minutes to find a parking space.
6. I visited my friends last week.
7. He (stay) ______ up late last night.
8. I (drink) ______ wine, (sing) ______ a song, and (play) ______ the piano yesterday.
9. I (turn) ______ off the light, (go) ______ to the bed, and fell asleep.
10. When I was singing, my friends (come) ______.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. Yesterday, I went to the park with my brother
2. The cashier told us to come back in two hours.
3. When we arrived at the stadium, the place was full.
4. Then we saw a small store.
5. We drove around the parking lot for 30 minutes to find a parking space.
6. I visited my friends last week.
7. He stayed up late last night.
8. I drunk wine, sang a song, and played the piano yesterday.
9. I turned off the light, went to the bed, and fell asleep.
10. When I was singing, my friends came.
Task 10. Chia động từ phù hợp và viết lại câu
1. They/ happy/ last holiday ?
2. How/ you/ get there?
3. I/ play/ football/ last/ Sunday.
4. My/ mother/ make/ two/ cake/ four/ day/ ago.
5. Tyler/ visit/ his/ grandmother/ last/ month.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. Were they happy last holiday?
2. How did you get there?
3. I played football last Sunday.
4. My mother made two cakes four days ago.
5. Tyler visited his grandmother last month.
 

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