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Koko Giữ trọn tuổi 25

Các chuyên đề tiếng anh luyện thi vào 10 thpt

Thứ năm - 29/10/2020 01:47
Chuyên de on thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh, Chuyên đề on thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh Nguyễn Bá Mạnh, Chuyên đề ngữ pháp tiếng Anh on thi vào 10, Chuyên đề Tiếng Anh lớp 10, Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh on thi vào lớp 10, 16 chuyên đề ôn thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh đáp án, Chinh phục luyện thi vào 10 môn Tiếng Anh theo chủ đề pdf, Từ vựng tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10, Đề cương ôn tập ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10 năm 2019, Từ vựng tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10, Kiến thức on thi tuyển sinh lớp 10, Trọng tâm kiến thức và các dạng đề on thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh, Tài liệu ON thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh có đáp an, Lý thuyết on thi vào 10 môn tiếng Anh, Học tiếng Anh online ôn thi vào lớp 10, On tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh thi vào 10
tài liệu ôn thi vào 10
tài liệu ôn thi vào 10
Chuyên de on thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh, Chuyên đề on thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh Nguyễn Bá Mạnh, Chuyên đề ngữ pháp tiếng Anh on thi vào 10, Chuyên đề Tiếng Anh lớp 10, Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh on thi vào lớp 10, 16 chuyên đề ôn thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh đáp án, Chinh phục luyện thi vào 10 môn Tiếng Anh theo chủ đề pdf, Từ vựng tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10, Đề cương ôn tập ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10 năm 2019, Từ vựng tiếng Anh thi vào lớp 10, Kiến thức on thi tuyển sinh lớp 10, Trọng tâm kiến thức và các dạng đề on thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh, Tài liệu ON thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh có đáp an, Lý thuyết on thi vào 10 môn tiếng Anh, Học tiếng Anh online ôn thi vào lớp 10, On tập ngữ pháp tiếng Anh thi vào 10

PHẦN A : CÁC CHUYÊN ĐỀ NGỮ PHÁP TIẾNG ANH ÔN THI VÀO 10

CHAPTER 1: TENSES IN ENGLISH


A.The simple present tense: ( Thỡ hiện tại thường )
            I.  The form: ( Cấu trúc)                           
- “To be”: am / is / are      
(+)  I + am
       She/ He/ It + is
       We/ You/ They + are
(-)  I  am not
      She/ He/ It + is not (isn’t)
      We/ You/ They + are not (aren’t)
(?)  Am I ?
      Is she/ he/ it ?
      Are we/ you/ they?
- Ordinary verbs: ( động từ thường)
(+)   I / We/ You/ They  + V
        She/ He/ It  +  V(s, es)
(-)    I/ We/ You/ They + don’t  + V(infinitive without ‘to’)
        She/ He/ It + doesn’t  + V(infinitive without ‘to’)
(?)   Do  +  I/ we/ you/ they  +  V(infinitive without ‘to’)?
       Does  + she/ he/ it + V(infinitive without ‘to’) ?
II. The usage: ( Cỏch sử dụng)
- Được dựng để diễn tả hành động sự việc được lặp đi lặp lại nhiều lần, thúi quen hoặc sở thớch.
Ex: She never comes late
                  She writes to her mother twice a month
                They like drinking coffee.
- Được dựng để diễn tả  một sự thật hiển nhiờn
Ex: The earth moves around the Sun
                  Water boils at 1000C
- Để diễn tả thời gian biểu, kế hoạch, dự đoỏn,…….
Ex: The train leaves at 9.00

III. Notes: (Chỳ ý)
              * The recognition: (Dấu hiệu nhận biết) Cú một số từ và cụm từ như:        
- always/ usually/ often/ sometimes/ occasionally/ seldom….
Everyday/ week/ month….,once aweek, twice a year…
                        * Cỏch thờm ‘s, es’
                        - Thờm ‘es’ vào sau cỏc động từ kết thỳc tận cựng: o, ch, sh, s, x.
                        - Thờm ‘s’ vào sau cỏc động từ cũn lại
                        * Cách đọc khi thêm ‘e, es’
                                    - Đọc là /iz/ khi động từ kết thúc là: ch, sh, s, x
                                    - Đọc là /s/ khi động từ kết thúc là: k, p, t
                                    - Đọc là /z/ với các động từ cũn lại.
Exercise: Dùng động từ trong ngoặc ở thỡ Simple Present
1. Water ( boil ) at 100 0 C.
2. Nam usually ( get ) up at 6.00 ?
3. What you often ( have ) for lunch ?
4. She’ very clever. She ( speak ) 4 languages.
5. Steve ( smoke ) ten cigarettes a day.
6. An insect ( have ) six legs.
7. She often ( visit ) you at weekend ?
8. Mary ( wash ) her teeth twice a day.
9. You often ( watch ) film in the evening ?
10. Mary ( swim ) very well ?
11. She ( not/like ) watching T.V.
12. She ( get ) at 6. o’clock, and ( go ) to school at 7 o’clock.
13. He ( not/ usually/ drive ) to work. He usually ( walk ).
14. Kangaroo ( see ) everywhere in Australia.
15. My father ( drink ) coffee every morning.
16. At Christmas, people often ( decorate ) a tree.
17. It ( not rain ) in the dry season.
18. Nam often ( visit ) you on Sunday ?               - No. He ( visit ) me on Saturday
19. What time she ( finish ) work everyday ?      - She ( finish ) it at 16.00
20. My mother ( take ) Jim to the dentist many times.
21. My little sister ( drink ) milk everyday.
22. Long ( like ) tennis ?     - No.  He ( like ) badminton.
23. The Earth ( move ) around the Sun
24. The Sun ( rise ) in the East and ( set ) in the West
25. What you often ( do ) in your free time?
B. The present progressive tense: ( Thỡ hiện tại tiếp diễn )
I. The form:(cấu trúc  )                       
(+)  I  + am  + V-ing
       We/ You/ They  + are  + V-ing
       He/ She/ It  +  is + V-ing
(-)  I  + am not + V-ing
      We/ You/ They  + are not ( aren’t)  + V-ing
      He/ She/ It  +  is not (isn’t)  +  V-ing
(?)  Am  + I  + V-ing ?
      Are  + we/ you/ they   +  V-ing ?
      Is  + she/ he/ it   +  V-ing ?
II. The usage: (Cỏch sử dụng)
a/ Được sử dụng để diễn tả hành động hoặc sự việc đang sảy ra tại thời điểm núi
     They are watching TV at the moment
b/ Hành động nói chung đang diễn ra nhưng không nhất thiết phảI thực sự diễn ra ngay lúc nói.
Ex: I am writing a novel now.
III. Notes:  (Chỳ ý )
* The recognition: (Dấu hiệu nhận biết) Cú một số từ và cụm từ như:
- now/ at present/ at this time/ at the moment.
            * Cỏc động từ kết thỳc tận cựng là: ‘e’ ta phải bỏ ‘e’  trước khi thờm ING
                                                Come   -  Coming
            * Một số động từ kết thỳc tận cựng là: ie’ phải chuyển thành ‘y’ trước khi thêm đuôi ‘ing’:
                                                Lie   -   Lying
*  Nhõn đôi phụ õm cuối khi động từ kết thỳc bằng: Phụ - Nguyờn - Phụ
( dựng cho động từ một âm tiết, hai âm tiết thỡ trọng õm phải ở õm tiết thứ hai )
( getting, running, having, writing, dying, lying,…)
                 *  Một số động từ thường hay khụng sử dụng ở dạng hiện tại tiếp diễn:
be/ see/ hear/ understand/ know/ like/ want/ glance/ feel/ think/ smell/ love/ hate/ realize/ seem/ remember/ forget/………(  Nếu như thế ta thay thể bằng thỡ hiện tại thường )
Exercise: Dùng động từ trong ngoặc ở thỡ Present Progressive
1. She’s tired. She ( want ) to go home now.
2. Tom ( plant ) the trees in the garden at the moment ?
3. What you ( do ) now ?
4. Listen ! someone ( knock ) on the front door.
5. He ( write ) a novel at present.
6. They ( watch ) T.V at present ?             - No. They ( listen ) to the radio
7. He and I ( play ) soccer at the moment.
8. Tom and I ( be ) busy at the moment.
9. They ( see ) a movie at the moment.
10. We ( want ) to go to school at the moment.
C. The simple future tense:
 I. The form:      
(+)  S + will  + V (infinitive without ‘to’)
                                  (-)  S +  will not (won’t) + V(infinitive without ‘to’)
                                  (?)  Will + S + V(infinitive without ‘to’)?    
                                           Shall + I/ We + V(infinitive without ‘to’) ?
 II. The usage: (Cỏch sử dụng)
- Để diễn tả hành động sự việc sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai.
            Ex: She will visit me next week
                 Lan and Mai will come here tomorrow.
 III. Notes: (Chỳ ý)
* The recognition:
-  tomorrow, next week/ month/ year/……. 
                                  
Exercise: Dùng động từ trong ngoặc ở thỡ Simple Future
1. I ( go ) to the zoo tomorrow
2. They ( publish ) a book next year.
3. Where you ( spend ) your holiday next year?
4. I am 13 years old. Next year I ( be ) 14.
5. You ( not / go  )  to the movies next Sunday.
6. It ( take ) Lan 5 minutes to go to school next year
7. Mrs. Lan ( take ) Minh to the dentist next times.
8. He and I ( play ) soccer tomorrow morning.
10. They ( meet ) their friends next Christmas?
11. I (be) twenty years old next June
12. There ( be ) sunny next Sunday
13. You ( do ) the exercises  tomorrow evening?
C. Simple past
I-form(công thức)
                                     ( + ) S + V(ed/2) + O
                                      ( -  ) S + didn’t + V(base form) + O
                                      ( ? ) Did + S + V(base form)+ O ?
II-uses(cách dùng):
Diễn tả một hành động xảy ra tại một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ và đó chấm rứt khụng cũn liờn hệ tới hiện tại
Ex: I called him last night
III-Dấu hiệu nhận biết
Trong câu thường xuất hiện các trạnh từ sau thi câu đó phải chia ở thỡ quỏ khứ đơn giản : yesterday, ago, last …, when I was young , when + s  + was/were (a) child/children ….
D. past progressive:
I-form(công thức
  ( + ) S + was/ were + V(-ing) + O
                                      ( -  ) S + + was/ were + not + V(-ing) + O
                                      ( ? ) was/ were + S + V(-ing) + O ?

II-uses(cách dùng):
  1. Thỡ quỏ khứ tiếp diễn diễn tả một hành động đang xẩy ra tại một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ.
Ex: I was watching Tv at 8 last night
  1. Diễn tả một hành động đang xẩy ra thỡ cú một hành động khác xen vào, hành động xen vào đó được chia ở thỡ quỏ khứ đơn giản. Trong câu thường có when hoặc while
Ex: when I was having dinner, he came
  1. Diễn tả 2 hành động cùng song song xẩy ra
Ex: while I was watching Tv, my father was reading book
I.Put the following verbs into three groups:
/id/:

/t/:

/d/:
wanted, played, helped, fitted, liked, watched, visited, looked, needed, remembered, stopped, talked, rented, missed, studied, started, used, learned(v),nacked, changed, stayed, learned(adj),rugged


II.choose the best answer.
1.I (met/was meeting) a friend while I (did/was doing)the shopping.
2.I (turned/was turning) round and (saw/was seeing) Paula.
3.She (wore/was wearing) a bright red coat when I saw her.
4.I (paid/was paying) for my things when I (heard/was hearing) call my name.
5.We(left/was leaving) the cafe and (said/was saying) goodbye.
6.this time last month we (took/were taking) the final test.
7.While we (had/were having) a drink, a waiter (dropped/was dropping) a pile of plates.
8.When I (came/was coming), he (read/was reading) books.
III. correct form of the verbs
1.the doorbell (ring)while Tom (watch) T.V .
2.How fast you(drive)when the accident (happen)
3.Ann and Susan (make).dinn er when  Martin (arrive)home.
4.The light (go)out when we (have)dinner, but it (come)on again
   after about ten minutes.
5.It suddenly (begin)to rain while Laura (sit)in the garden.
6.What you(do)this time yesterday?
    I (work)on the computer.
7.It (be)cold when we (leave)the house that day, and a slight snow (fall)
8.When I last (see)them they (try)to find a new house near their work.
9.I (walk)along the street when I suddenly(feel)something hit me in the back. I (not/know)what it was.
10.When we (drive)down the hill, a strange object (appear)in the sky.
11.What (you/do)this time yesterday?I was asleep.
12.When we came, he (read)books.
13.I (see)Sue in town yesterday but she (not see)me.she (look)the other way.
14.I(meet)Tom and Ann at the airport a few week ago.They (go) to Berlin and I (go)to Madrid. We (have)a chat while we(wait) for our flight.
15.I (cycle) home yesterday when suddenly a man (step )out into the road in front of me.I (go)quite fast but luckly I (manage) to stop in time and (not/hit)  him.
16.Jane (wait) for me when I (arrive)
17(you/ go) out last night ?No, I was too tired.
18.John (take)a photograph of me while I (not/look)
19.I haven’t seen Alan for ages. When I last (see)him , he(try)to find a job in London
20.I (walk)along the street when suddenly I (hear)footsteps behind me. Somebody (follow)me. I was frighted and I (start)to run.
E. present perfect:
I-form(công thức)
                           ( + ) S + Have / Has + V(ed/3) + O
                                ( -  ) S + Have / Has + not + V(ed/3) + O
                                ( ? ) Have/Has + S + V(ed/3) + O ?


II-uses(cách dùng):
  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động đã xẩy ra trong quá khứ và còn kéo dài tới hiện tại. Trong câu thường xuất hiện (Since or For)
  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động vừa mới xẩy ra trong câu thường xuất hiện (Just)
  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động đã từng xẩy ra trong câu thường xuất hiện (Ever)
  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động vẫn chưa xẩy ra trong câu thường xuất hiên (Yet)
  • Dùng để diễn tả một hành động đã xấy ra trong câu thường xuất hiện(Already)
III-Dấu hiệu nhận biết
Khi trong câu xuất hiện các trạng từ hoặc cụm từ sau thì câu đó phảI ở thị hiện tại hoàn thành: Since,For,Already,yet,ever,recently=lately,so far=up to now,many time = several time, how long …? It’s the first time + present perfect , It’s the most/adjest + ...
Complete the sentences using SINCE or FOR
  1. Linda has been the manage of Timeways travel in London ___three years
  2. I’ve lived in Rome_____I was two
  3. Mr.Woods hasn’t been feeling well ____over a month
  4. Sally and her boyfriend Peter have been going out together____last winter
  5. I’ve been waiting ____ a few minutes
  6. He’s been in Japan ____ 1986
  7. I haven’t seen you ____ christmas
  8. It hasn’t rained here _____ more than a month
  9. we haven’t bought a new shoes ____ ages
  10. We’ve been here ____ january
  11. It has been raining..................lunch time.
  12. My boss has gone away .............ten days
  13. I haved lived in England...............a year.
  14. She has lived in London.................1985.
  15. Please hurry up ! We have been waiting .............an hour.
  16. I have known her...............January.
  17. Nam’s father has worked in this company .................20 years.
  18. Have you learned English.........a long time?
  19. I haven’t seen Tom................Monday.
  20. This house is very dirty. Wer haven’t cleaned it .............ages

Put the verb in the correct tense and insert SINCE or FOR
  1. ____ the last two years, clothes (be) very dear
  2. Coal (become) dearer ___ the end of last year
  3. I (write) ten letters _____ breakfast
  4. “You (see) my friends lately?” “not ___3 days”
  5. I (not see) him ____ more than a week
  6. “ How long you(wait)?””____half an hour”
  7. That boy (not wash) his face ___ some time
  8. I (not have) a good night’s sleep ____ last week
  9. She (practice) the piano ___ 6.00
  10. Henry (not have) a holiday ____ the year before last
Put the verbs into the present perfect tense
  1. I (live) here since 1970
  2. He (study) English for three years
  3. They (come) here many times
  4. He (already read) these books
  5. She (just visit) us
  6. I (ever see) this cartoon
  7. You (ever talk) to her?
  8. He(have) lunch yet?
  9. We (not see) her parents yet
  10. His sister (work) for this company since 1995
  11. They (build) those building recently
  12. I (not be) successful so far
  13. Up to now he (win) the prize
  14. It’s the second time he (visit) the USA
  15. I (not live) here since he (be) a child
  16. This is the nicest restaurant I (ever see)
  17. The doctor (be) here since 8 o’clock
  18. It (rain) yesterday after it (be) dry for many month
  19. We (already choose) the new person for the job
  20. You (pay) the taxi-driver yet?
Choose the best answer
1.We’ve been here ............last week.
A. since                                   B. for                           C. by                           D. from
2.They haven’t seen each other ...........a long time.
A. since                                   B. for                           C. with            D. about
3.My mother..........in this hospital for 9 years.
A. have worked                      B. worked                   C. has  worked            D. works
4............you had breakfast since 6.00  a. m ?
A. Do                                      B. Does                       C. Have                       D. Has
5.I have.........her for some years.
A. know                                 B. known                    C. knew                       D. knowing
6............ have you lived here?
A. When                                  B. How long    C. What time   D. What
7.I ...................................my book .I can’t find it anywhere.
A.lost     B.have lost C.has lost D. lose
8.For a long time, the áAo dai................the subject of poems,novels,and songs.
A.were     B.was C.have been D.has been
9.I don’t know Minh.I............................met him.
A.have never      B.never have C.haven’t never D.ever haven’t
10.a teacher.......................he was 20 years old.
A.for      B.about C.at D.since


Write in correct English
  1. I have lived in Ho Chi Minh city since twenty five years
___________________________________________________________
  1. They haven’t saw such a terrble fire before
___________________________________________________________
  1. the house was cleaned up since we left for Nha Trang
___________________________________________________________
  1. The International Olympic Games continued without interrupt since 1896
___________________________________________________________
  1. We didn’t try hard enough since the second semester
___________________________________________________________
  1. I have known this singer since she has been 16 year old
___________________________________________________________
  1. people enjoyed Beethovan’s music for nearly 200 years
___________________________________________________________
  1. The boy played soccer since 2 o’clock
___________________________________________________________
  1. All my classmates knew each other quite well since they were in grade 6
___________________________________________________________
  1. These dancers performed that ballet qute well many times
___________________________________________________________
  1. When we visited my friends,they had dinner with their children
___________________________________________________________
  1. My father watered the flowers when it was started raining
___________________________________________________________
  1. Lan has met her old friends two days ago
___________________________________________________________
  1. Phong didn’t see that film before
___________________________________________________________
  1. The girls participated in that project twice
___________________________________________________________
  1. people speak English in Australia for a long time
___________________________________________________________
  1. Her father worked in that hospital since he has moved to this city
___________________________________________________________
  1. His sister played piano since she was eight
___________________________________________________________
  1. They didn’t see each other for a long
___________________________________________________________
  1. The girls have finished their project two days ago
___________________________________________________________
 





Những mẫu cõu quan trọng khi viết lại cõu ở thỡ HTHT & QKĐG

                                          -to V........         ago
2. S + started / began
                                 -V_ing.........    in, when
                                                 
                                                - for........
-> S + have /has + p.p ............
                                                 - since.......
2. This is the first time...+ S + have/has +p.p..........
-> S + have/ has + not + p.p............before.
 
 

                                             In + năm
3. S + last + Ved/ c2 +..........  when + mệnh đề
                                              Khoảng thời gian + ago
                                                
-> The last time + S + Ved/c2 +.......+ was + in.... / .....ago.
-> It’s + năm / khoảng tg + since + S + V(ed/c2)...........
-> S + haven’t / hasn’t + p.p...........for / since.............
4. when + did + S + V(bare inf)..........?
    -> how long + have/has +S + p.p.......?
    When + did + S + last + V(bare inf).......?
    -> how long is it + Since + S + last + ved/c2.........?
Rewrite sentences so that the meaning stay the same
1. We haven’t been to the concert for over a year .
            The last time ………………………………………………………………………
2. We last saw our grandfather two years ago .
            We haven’t …………………………………………………………………………
3. I have never read such a romantic story .
            This is ………………………………………………………………………………
4. It’s nearly twenty years since my father saw my uncle
            My father ………………………………………………………………………
5. he hasn’t been back to his village for over 20 years .
            It’s …………………………………………………………………………………
6. The journey to the village was very interesting to the boys .
            We haven’t …………………………………………………………………………
7. The last time we went to a cinema was two years ago .
            We haven’t ………………………………………………………………………
8. The last time we saw him was on Monday .
We…………………………………………………………………………………
9. The last time I saw David was in 1989 .
I……………………………………………………………………………………

CHAPTER 2: WISH CLAUSE

I - Định nghĩa: Câu ao ước là câu diễn tả một mong ước,một mong ước không có thực hoặc khó có thể xẩy ra.
II – Phân loại:
    1. Câu ao ước ở hiện tại: Để diễn đạt ước muốn không có thực ở hiện tại người ta dùng thì quá khứ của động từ trong mệnh đề đứng sau wish

S  + Wish + S  + V(ed/2)/were
'Hộp văn bản: S + Wish + S + V(ed/2)/were'





I don’t know EnglishèI wish I knew English
He watches this film è He wish he didn’t watch this film
    1. Câu ao ước ở quá khứ: Dùng để diễn tả ước muốn không có thực ở quá khứ người ta dùng thì quá khứ hoàn thành trong mệnh đề đứng sau wish

S  + Wish + S  + had + V(ed/3)
'Hộp văn bản: S + Wish + S + had + V(ed/3)'





I didn’t have enough money yesterday
èI wish I had money yesterday
    1. Câu ao ước ở tương lai : Để diễn tả một ước muốn không có thực ở tương lai

S  + Wish + S  + would + V(base form)
'Hộp văn bản: S + Wish + S + would + V(base form)'




I won’t love her
èI wish I would love her
* Note: IF ONLY (Giỏ mà) Cỏch sử dụng giống với WISH
She can’t come tomorrow
  • she wish she could come tomorrow
  • If only she could come tomorrow
III – Cách làm: Đê chuyển câu dưới dạng biểu đạt câu ước muốn ta tiến hành theo các bước sau:
  1. Xác định câu đã cho ở thì nào thì câu ước muốn ở thì đó
  2. Câu đã cho viết ở thức thể nào thì câu ước muốn sẽ ở dạng ngược lại(câu đã cho ở khẳng định thì câu ước muốn ở phủ định và ngược lại)
  3. Đối chiếu công thức của câu ước muốn và hoàn thành câu
Rewrite sentences so that the meaning stay the same
  1. It rain today
We wish ___________________________________________________
  1. She doesn’t join the trip with her classmates
She wishes _________________________________________________
  1. Phong gets bad mark this semester
He wishes __________________________________________________
  1. Thu doesn’t have enough time to do the test
She wishes _________________________________________________
  1. It’s cold and windy
I wish _____________________________________________________
  1. Lan miss the bus to school
She wishes _________________________________________________
  1. I can’t hear that strange noise
I wish _____________________________________________________
  1. They do nothing for their mini-project
They wish __________________________________________________
  1. Hoa and Ba won’t go fishing this weekend
They wish __________________________________________________
  1. Nam’s father doesn’t get the promotion
He wishes__________________________________________________
  1. My team doesn’t win the game
I wish _____________________________________________________
  1. I don’t know how to speak Spanish
I wish _____________________________________________________
  1. The boy is too short to play volleyball
He wishes __________________________________________________
  1. Her little brother can’t swim
He wishes __________________________________________________
  1. Lan never visit the citadel in Hue
She wish ___________________________________________________
  1. Their mother doesn’t buy them new comics
They wish __________________________________________________
  1. Tuan doesn’t write the coposition
He wishes __________________________________________________
  1. Quy doesn’t take part in the soccer match training
She wishes _________________________________________________
  1. Her mother can’t drive a car
She wishes _________________________________________________
  1. The “Y and Y” club cancels the meeting
The members wish____________________________________________
  1. Lan can not run as fast as her friends
She wishes ________________________________________________
22.Thang has to stay home because of her sickness
He wishes _________________________________________________
23.The girls don’t perform very well
     They wish _________________________________________________
24.Some student are late for class
     They wish _________________________________________________
25.My class make a lot of noise
I wish _____________________________________________________
26.I didn’t go shopping
I wish _____________________________________________________
27.You didn’t tell them about it
I wish _____________________________________________________
28.John didn’t come to the meeting
I wish _____________________________________________________
29.He made a lot of mistake last year
I wish ____________________________________________________
30.I’m sorry I missed the film last night
I wish ____________________________________________________
Correct the verb form
1.I wish you(drive) carefully in the future
2. He wishes his mother (be) here now to give him some advices
3. I wish I (know) all about this matter several week ago
4. I wish I (have) more time now to help you with your work
5. I wish I (study) psychology when I was a college
6. I wish someone (offer) to help me with that work tomorrow
7.It’s a pity you didn’t ask him how to get there I wish you (ask) him how to get there.
8. Tom wish he (be) there yesterday
9. Susan wishes she (can speak) VietNamese
10.I wish I (be) free now
11.I can’t come tomorrow.I wish I (come) tomorrow
12.The little boy wishes he (become) an arcobat when he grew up
13.I wish I (be) a famous singer
14.I wish I (see) this film on television again
15. I wish they (know) the truth yesterday
16. She wishes her father ( be) here now to help her
17. I wish they ( visit) us when they were in town.
18. I wish someone ( give) me a job next month.
19. If only I ( can take) the trip to Hanoi with her next summer.
20. I wish they ( know) the truth yesterday.
21. I wish I (see) that film on TV again.
22. We wish she (be) our teacher of English.
23. My brother wishes he (not waste) time when he was young.
24. They wish they (come) to class on time yesterday morning.
25. I wish I ( spend) my last summer vacation in the mountains.
26.I wish she (come) to see me yesterday.
27.If only I ( have) more time to do this job.
28.He missed an exceiting football match on TV last night. He wishes he ( watch ) it.
29.I wish you ( not give ) them my phone number yesterday.
30.We wish we ( understand) all the teacher’s explanation yesterday

Choose the best answer
1.This is a difficult problem. I wish I ……..the answer.
a. know                 b. knew                       c. had known   d. would know
2.I couldn’t come to Mary’s birthday party last night. I wish…….. there.
a. I could               b. I had come   c. I could have come        d. came
3.I can’t understand anything Marie says. I wish I …….French.
a. can speak           b. speak                      c. could speak d. speaking
4.I want to get in touch with Jane. If only I …….her phone number.
a. knew                  b. to know                   c. know                       d. knowing
5. Helen has a lot of work to do today. She wishes she …….more time.
a. has had  b. has                           c. had had                    d. had
6. Mary didn’t get good marks for the test last week. She wishes she …….more carefully.
a. study                 b. would study c. studied                    d. had studied
7.I wish you …….watching television while I am talking to you.
a. stop                    b. stopped                   c. stop              d. to stop
8.Bill wishes he …….more money so he could buy a new bike.
a. has                     b. have             c. had                          d. having
9. If only I…….a birth, I could fly freely to anywhere I want.
a. am                      b. was                          c. were             d. would be
10. I wish I …….so rude to my parents yesterday.
a. weren’t  b. hadn’t been c. haven’t been            d. am not
11. I wish I ……..play the piano as well as my close friend ……..
a. could/ play         b. can/ plays                c. could/ plays d. can play
12.I wish I …….. to my parents. Now it’s too late.
a. listen                  b. would listen c. have listened           d. had listened
13. If only he ……..me the truth, I didn’t treat her badly.
a. told                    b. had told                   c. tells              d. would tell
14.I wish I ……to the movies with you last night.
a. went                  b. go                            c. have gone                d. had gone
15. She wishes she  ……him the bad news yesterday.
a. didn’t tell           b. doesn’t tell  c. hadn’t told   d. wouldn’t tell
16.If only I …… for that job, I might be a typist now.
a. apply                  b. applied                    c. had applied  d. have applied
1. It's a pity that you didn't tell us about this.
          A. I wish you told us about this.
            B. I wish you would told us about this.
            C. I wish you had told us about this.
            D. I wish you have told us about this.
2. It's such a pity your sister can't come as well.
          A. I am very sorry that your sister couldn't come.
            B. I wonder why your sister can't come.
            C. If only your sister could come as well.
            D. If only your sister can come
3.They regret ever getting married.
          A. They wish they had never got married.
            B. They wish they never got married.
            C. They wish they did not get married.
            D. They wish they have never got married.
4. I'm sorry that he won't accept the job he 's been offered.
          A. I wish he will accept the job he's been offered.
            B. I wish he would accept the job he's been offered.
            C. I wish he had accepted the job he's been offered.
            D. I wish he would haveaccepted the job he's been offered.
5.I regret going to bed so late last night.
          A. I wish I didn't go to bed so late last night.
            B. I wish I went to bed early last night.
            C. I wish I hadn't gone to bed so late last night.
            D. I wish I had gone to bed early last night.
6.what a pity! You aren’t here with us now
A. I wish you aren’t here with us now
B. I wish you weren’t here with us now
C. I wish you were here with us now
D. I wish you would be here with us now
7. I’d like my father give up smoking
A. I wish my father gave up smoking
B. I wish my father will give up smoking
C. I wish my father gives up smoking
D. I wish my father can give up smoking
8. He doesn’t help his mother with house work
A. I wish he helps his mother with house work
B. I wish he does helped his mother with house work
C. I wish he helped his mother with house work
D. I wish he would help his mother with house work
9. My friends often go on a camping trip without me
A. I wish my friends go on a camping trip without me
B. I wish my friends went on a camping trip without me
C. I wish my friends go on a camping trip with me
D. I wish my friends went on a camping trip with me
10. He must go now
A. He wishes he doesn’t go now
B. He wishes he won’t go now
C. He wishes he didn’t have to go now
D. He wishes he hadn’t to go now



CHAPTER 3: PASSIVE VOICE

I - Định nghĩa:
1. Câu chủ động là câu mà chủ ngữ gây ra hành động
I study English (tôI học tiếng anh)
2. Câu bị động là câu mà chủ ngữ bị tác động bởi hành động
English is studied by me

II – Quy tắc chuyển từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động
  1. Tìm hiểu,phân tích câu làm 3 thành phần (S,V,O)
  2. Đưa tân ngữ của câu chủ động xuống làm chủ ngữ của câu bị đông
  3. Đổi động từ của câu chủ đọng thành (be+Ved/3)-câu chủ động ở thì nào thì động từ tobe phảI ở thì đó
  4. Đưa S của câu chủ động xuống làm O của câu bị động được đặt sau giới từ By.(By có thể lược bỏ nếu S không dõ hay không quan trọng như: people,someone,they,somebody…)

Active :            S         +      V        +       O
           
 
   
     
 
 




Pasive :             S         + be + V(ed/3)   +   (by + O)

          Mr Manh teaches English
èEnglish is taught by Mr Manh
*Note : - Nếu trong câu có nhiều trạng từ thị khi chuyển sang câu bị động chúng được sắp xếp theo thứ tự sau :
Thể cách + nơi chốn + thời gian
Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn được đặt trước By + O
Trạng từ chỉ thời gian được đặt sau  By + O
  • Nếu câu chủ động có 2 tân ngữ thì một trong 2 tân ngữ có thể làm S trong câu bị động
    He gave me  a pen
èI was given a pen by him
èA pen was given to me by him
II – Some special Passive form:
1/ Questions:
       Ex: Who wrote that play? -> By whom was that play written?
              Have they read the letter? -> Has the letter been read?

2/ Material agent:
       Ex: Smoke filled the room. -> The room was filled with smoke.
3/ Negative pronoun agent:
       Ex: Nobody can unlock the case. -> The case can’t be unlocked.
4/ Sentences with two objects:
       Ex: Mary’s parents gave her a birthday present.
  • Mary was given a birthday present by her parents.
  • A birthday present was given to Mary by her parents.

III – Câu bị động của các thì trong tiếng anh
Tenses Active Passive
Hiện tại đơn giản S + V_(s/es)        is
 S + Am + V_(ed/3) + by + O
      Are
Quá khứ đơn giản S + V_(ed/2)          was
 S +           + V_(ed/3) + by + O
         were
 
Hiện tại tiếp diễn        is
 S + Am + V-ing
      Are
       is
 S +Am+being +V(ed/3)+by+O
      Are
 
Quá khứ tiếp diễn          was
 S +         +V-ing
         were
      was
 S +        +being+V(ed/3) +by+O
       Were
Hiện tại hoàn thành     Have
S+      +V(ed/3)
    Has
    Have
S+      + been + V(ed/3)+by+O
    Has
Tương lai đơn và động từ khuyết thiếu    Will
    Can
S+Shall + V
    Ought to
    Should…
       Will
       Can
S+   Shall +    be + Ved/3+by+O
       Ought to
       Should…

* Một số trường hợp bị động khác:
a. Bị động với “ have / get something done ”: Hình thức bị động này được sử dụng để nhấn mạnh rằng hành động của ch thể được thực hiện của người khác.
Eg: + Someone painted John’s flat yesterday.
          John had his flat pạinted yesterday.
 b. Bị động với hình thức nguyên thể (infinitive) và danh động từ (gerund ).
Eg: + We dọn’t want to be refused entry.
       + She hates being photographed.
c. Bị  động với các động từ chỉ quan điểm ( verbs of opinion ): believe, know, say, report, think,… Hình thức bị động này thường được sử dụng khi người nói muốn tránh đề cập tới chủ thể thực hiện hành động.

 
It + to be + PII(ed/cột 3) + that + clause.
 Hoặc:
 S + to be + PII(ed/cột 3) + to-inf/to have + PII(ed/cột 3).

Eg: + People believe that David left New Zealand last week.
          It is believed that David left New Zealand last week.
          David is believed to have left New Zealand last week.     
* Chú ý : - Khi chủ ngữ trong câu chủ động là các đại từ nhân xưng như I/you/we/they/she/he/it/ hoặc các phiếm từ như people/someone/somebody..
chuyển sang câu bị động chúng  ta không cần dùng  by + O.
              - Khi chủ ngữ trong câu chủ động là các danh từ tên riêng hay các danh từ chỉ giống và danh  từ cụ thể chuyển sang câu  bị động  chúng ta phải sử dụng by + O.
I/ Rewrite the sentences, use the verbs in present passive form:
1. People use milk for making butter and cheese.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. The milkman brings bottles of milk to houses.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. Careless driving causes many accidents.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Weeds cover the river bank.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. People speak English all over the world.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. They don't use this house very often.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. Do they teach French in this school?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. They make a lot of beautiful toys from recycled plastic.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. The workers clean the streets every day.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. Do they usually hold the concerts at the university?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
II/ Rewrite these sentences, using the verbs in passive form with
                             "will/ can/ should/ must + be + past participle."
1. Some body will clean the room later.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. You mustn't open this parcel until Christmas Day.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. They can't make tea with cold water.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. The students will hold a meeting before the Teacher's Day.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. People can recycle tires to make pipes or floor coverings.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. They should send applications before December.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. The manage must sign the contract today.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. They will build  the new bridge by the end of the year.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. We should use cloth bags instead of plastic bags.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. We can use the garbage to make fertilizer.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
III/ Change these sentences into passive:
1. Some body clean the house every day.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. How do people learn language?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. John will collect me at the airport.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Mr. Robinson teaches us how to speak English properly.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. Your teacher must sign  this form.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. People play football all over the world.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. Our form teacher will hold a class discussion next Monday.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. Will you invite her to your birthday party?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. We can't wear jeans at work.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. Do they speak French and English in Canada?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
11. They separated the rice from the husk.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
12. The boys made a fire by their camp.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
13. They build this house more than one hundred years ago.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
14. Every year Viet Nam exports millions of tons of rice.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
15. Vietnamese people celebrate their Lunar New Year around January or February.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
16. After Tet holiday Vietnamese people usually plant trees in their neighborhood.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
17. How many festivals do you celebrate in your community?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..

18. How many motorbikes does Viet Nam import a year?
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
19. The publisher published his book in 1996.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
20. They repaired our desk during the weekend.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
IV/ Use the passive and an infinitive to rewrite the sentences below:
            Ex: 0. They asked me to repair the table.
                        -> I was told to repair the table.
1. They told him to stay home for three days.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. They asked Mr. Robinson to do the shopping.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. She told him not to talk in the class.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Mr. Thompson allowed us to use his computer.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. He taught me to do the magic when I was a boy.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. They advised us to take a bus downtown
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. The organization asked him to take an English test.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. They say that she is the best student in the class.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. They told us to go home and wait.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. The teacher told us to work harder on English pronunciation.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
V/ Complete the second sentences so that it has the same meaning to the first:
1. We must pay the bill at once.
-> The bill ………………………………………………………………
2. I will repair your bicycle tomorrow afternoon.
-> Your bicycle………………………………………………………………
3. Penicillin can cure many dangerous diseases.
-> Many.. ……………………………………………………………………
4. Does your country export rice to Britain?
-> Is rice ……………………………………………………………………
5. Clement Clarke Moore wrote the poem in 1823.
-> The poem ………………………………………………………………
6. Christmas cards should be sent a week before Christmas day.
-> You ………………………………………………………………………
7. Nobody has used this machine for year.
-> This machine ..…………………………………………………………
8. They use recycled plastic to make toys and utensils.
-> Recycled………………………………………………………………..

9. Tax free goods can be bought before you get on the plane.
-> You ……………………………………………………………………
10. The repairman is going to repair my car next week.
-> We are going to have……………………………………………………
11.They can make tea with boiled water.
-> Tea ...................................................................
12. He is instructing all the workers of the plan at the moment.
-> All the workers of the plan ...................................................................
 13. A boy has just taken some of my books away.
-> Some of my books ...................................................................
14. They will hold the celebration before January.
-> The celebration ...................................................................
15. They have to repair their car.
-> Their car ...................................................................
16. The boys broke the window last night.
-> The window ...................................................................
17. People spend much money on advertising everyday.
-> Much money ..................................................................
18. Hung took some pictures of his father away yesterday.
-> Some pictures of his father .........................................................
19. They may use their rooms for the classrooms.
-> Their rooms ..................................................................
20. The teacher is going to punish some students.
-> Some students ...................................................................
III/ Change these sentences into passive:
  1. Peter is writing a letter to his friend
  2. My friends making some phone calls in the evening
  3. B ad drivers are causing many accidents
  4. The children are eating a lot of sweets
  5. Nam is repairing mt piano at the moment
  6. they are demolishing the entire block
  7. someone is cutting the glass now
  8. that factory is producing more and more pollution
  9. someone is showing her how to do it
  10. the boys are planting some trees in the garden
  11. Lan was prepairing that report when I came to see him
  12. Waiters and waitresses were serving customers
  13. The president was signig those papers
  14. Was Mary helping her mother in the kitchen at that time?
  15. The head teacher was making the announcement
  16. Someone was cleaning the windows while I was there
  17. They were preseting the athletes to the spectators when we came
  18. Someone is making the coffee when I walk into the kitchen
  19. They have sold their car to pay debts
  20. No one has opened the window for ages
  21. No one has ever asked me that question before
  22. They haven’t done anything since he left
  23. A doctor has just examined John
  24. They haven’t used this machine for ages
  25. Peter has sung this song
  26. They have paid doctors a lot of money
  27. She has eaten all the ages
  28. Famous engineers have designed the aircraft
  29. Have several people just seen the accident?
  30. We have invited all the members to the party 
III/ Change these sentences into active:
  1. Lan is helped by the teacher
  2. I am surprised by the news
  3. The letter will be posted by Lan
  4. The cake has been eaten by the children
  5. That letter was written by Linda
  6. You will be amazed by this news
  7. The letter is going to be answered by the secrectary
  8. Many people are employed by that company
  9. The work will be done by Mr Manh
  10. The window was washed by Mr Truong
  11. This house was built in 1990
  12. We have been invited to a party
  13. That dictionary has been bought by my sister
  14. Is spanish spoken in Peru?
  15. Is English spoken by a large of people?
IV/Choose the best answer
  1. They use cars and trucks to carry food to market
  1. Cars and trucks are used to carrying food to market
  2. Cars and trucks are used to carry food to market
  3. Cars and trucks are use to carry food to market
  4. Cars and trucks are used to carried food to market
  1. We will meet him at the station
  1. He will be met at the station
  2. He will meet at the station
  3. He will be meet at the station
  4. He will be meeted at the station
  1. How long have they doe their work?
  1. How long have their work been done?
  2. How long has their work be done?
  3. How long has their work been done?
  4. How long have their work done?
  1. No one could help him
  1. He could be helped by no one
  2. He couldn’t be helped by no one
  3. He could be helped
  4. He could helped
  1. The gate is painted once a year
  1. They paint the gate one a year
  2. They painted the gate one a year
  3. They are painting the gate one a year
  4. D. They will paint the gate one a year
  1. Food can’t be sold on the sidewalk
  1. They can’t sold food on the sidewalk
  2. They can’t be sold food on the sidewalk
  3. They can’t sell food on the sidewalk
  4. They can sell food on the sidewalk
  1. The flowers shouldn’t be cut in this garden
  1. You shouldn’t be cut the flowers in this garden
  2. The flowers shouldn’t cutting the flowers in this garden
  3. The flowers shouldn’t cut the flowers in this garden
  4. D. You shouldn’t cut the flowers in this garden
  1. When was this car bought?
  1. When do they buy this car ?
  2. When did they bought this car?
  3. When did they buy this car?
  4. When are they bought this car?
  1. Why isn’t she taken to the cinema with them?
  1. Why don’t they taken her to the cinema with them?
  2. Why doesn’t she take to the cinema with them?
  3. Why doesn’t she take them to the cinema?
D. Why don’t they take her to the cinema with them?
  1. Who was she invited to the party by?
  1. Who invited her to the party by?
  2. Who invited her to the party?
  3. Whom invites her to the party?
  4. Whom invited her to the party?


CHAPTER 4: PREPOSITIONS

Giới từ là những từ được dùng với danh từ (hoặc đại từ,danh động từ)để chỉ sự liờn hệ cỏc từ ấy với cỏc từ khỏc trong cõu
THE USE OF PREPOSITIONS (CÁCH DÙNG CỦA GIỚI TỪ)
1/ AT:
* Cho thời gian : - at 4 c’clock/5 p.m/night/christmas/Easter/once(ngay lập tức)/the moment/present/weeken.
* Cho nơi chốn : - at home/the seaside/school/the coner of the street/the top/the beginning/the end/
2/ IN :
Cho thời gian :
  • Năm : in 1990
  • Thỏng : in June, in May
  • Mựa : in spring, in summer ..
  • Buổi : (trừ at night) in the morning, in the afternoon..
  • In time (đúng giờ)

* Cho nơi chốn :
- in (ở trong) in the box, in the living roon…
- in đứng trước các thành phố, đất nước, miền, phương hướng .. in London, in Viet Nam, in the East …

3/ON :
* Cho thời gian:
- on được dùng trước thứ(ngày trong tuần) on Sunday, on Monday…
- on được dùng đứng trước ngày tháng  on June 10th
- on time (đúng giờ-chính xác)
* Cho nơi chốn :
- on (ở trờn) there is a book on the table
- on food, on radio, on TV, on the beach …
4/BY :
  • By được dùng trong câu bị động (có nghĩa là bởi)
  • By được dùng để chỉ phương tiện đi lại by bike, by car …
  • By the time (trước khi), by change(tỡnh cờ), learn by heart (học thuộc lũng)
5/TO :
  • thường đi sau theo động từ GO go to (đi đến)
  • lưu y : Go home
6/INTO :
- into (vào trong) được dung sau các động từ GO, PUT, GET, FALL(ngó) JUMP(nhảy), COME ….
7/OUT OF:
- Out of (ra khoỉ) he comes out of the house
8/WITH : (với)
9/UNDER: (ở dưới)
PREPOSITIONS FOLLOWING ADJECTIVES (Giới từ theo sau cỏc tớnh từ)
1/ OF :
  • ashamed of (xấu hổ về ) – afraid of (sợ, e sợ ..) – aware of (nhận thức) – capable of (có khả năng) – confident of(tin tưởng) – doubtful of(nghi ngờ) – fond of(thích) – full of(đầy), hopeful of(hy vọng) – independent of(độc lập) – proud of(tự hào) – jealous of(ghen tị) – guitly of(cú tội) – sick of(chỏn nản) – joyful of(vui mừng) – quick of(nhanh chúng về)
2/TO:
  • acceptable to(cú thể chấp nhận) – accustomed to(quen với) – addicted to (đam mê) – delightful to(thú vị đối với ai) – familiar to sb(quen thuộc với ai) – clear to(rừ dàng) – contrary to(trỏi lập) – similar to(giống,tương tự) - …
3/ FOR:
  • late for (trễ) – famous for(nổi tiếng) – necessary for(cần thiết) – greedy for(tham lam) – perfect for(hoàn hảo) – suitable for(phự hợp) – sorry for (xin lỗi) – good for(tốt cho) – useful for(co ớch) – ready for(sẵn sàng) – convinient for(thuận lợi) – responsible for(chịu trỏch nhiệm)…
4/AT :
  • good at(giỏi về) – bad at(kém về) – clever at(khéo léo) – skilful at (có kĩ năng) – quick at(nhanh) – amazed at(ngạc nhiên) – amused at(vui về) – excellent at(xuất xắc về) – present at(hiện diện) – surprised at(ngạc nhiờn) – angry at(giận về điều gỡ) – annoy at(khú chịu về)….
5/WITH :
  • bored with(chỏn) – fed up with(chỏn)  - busy with(bận) – crowded with (đông đúc) – angry with (giận dữ) – friendly with (thõn mật) – acquainted with (làm quen) – popular with (phổ biến) – satisfied with (thỏa món )- …
6/ ABOUT:
  • excited about(hào hứng về) – happy about(hạnh phỳc về) – sad about(buồn) – serious about(nghiờm tỳc) – upset about(buồn) – worried about(lo lắng) – anxious about(lo lang) – disappointed about(thất vọng) – confused about(bối dối)…
7/ IN :
  • Interested in(quan tâm đến) – rich in(giàu về) – successful in(thành công) – confident in (tin cậy vào ai)….
8/ FROM :
- isolated from(bị co lập) – absent from(vắng mặt) – different from(khỏc) – far from(xa) – safe from(an toàn) – divorced from(ly dị)
 9/ON: keen on (hăng hái về)
Lưu ý: sau giới từ thường dùng V_ing hoặc N
Hộp văn bản: Lưu ý: sau giới từ thường dùng V_ing hoặc N




PREPOSITIONS FOLLOWING VERBS (Giới từ theo sau các động từ)
  • apologize sb for sth           : xin lỗi ai về                           arrive at : tới nơi nhỏ
  • arrive in                             : tới nơi lớn                             wait for sb : chờ đợi
  • admire sb of sth                : khõm phục ai về                   change/turn into : húa ra
  • belong to sb                       : thuộc về ai                            insist on : khăng khăng
  • accuse sb of sth                  : tố cỏo ai                               join in : tham gia vào
  • blame sb for sth                : đổ lỗi cho ai                          escape from : thoỏt khỏi
  • congratulate sb on sth       : chỳc mừng ai về
  • introduce to                        : giới thiệu ai với ai
  • give up                               : từ bỏ
  • look at                                : nhỡn
  • look after                            : chăm sóc
  • look for                              : tỡm kiếm
  • look forward to                  : mong đợi
  • put on                                  : mang vào, mạc vào
  • put off                                : hoón lại  
  • stand for                             : tượng trưng
  • call of                                : hủy bỏ
  • object to + V-ng                : phản đối
  • infer from                          : suy ra từ
  • participate in                     : tham gia
  • succeed in                         : thành cụng
  • prevent sb from                 : ngăn cản
  • provide with                      : cung cấp
  • agree with                         : đồng ý
  • beg for                               : van nài cho
  • borow sth from sb             : mượn cái gỡ của ai
  • depend on                          : phụ thuộc vào
  • die of                                 : chết vỡ bệnh tật
Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions of time
    1. He was born in a small village ___ 1957
    2. Tell me where you were ___ Friday,27 october
    3. He used to work as a fashion designer ___ 1960 and 1970
    4. ___1785___1790, the capital of the US was located in New York city
    5. Author Susan Glaspell won a pulitzer prize ___ 1931 for her play Alison’s house
    6. He goes to his office everyday except Sunday. ____ Sunday he stays at home and works in his garden
    7. I’m returning to England ____ the end of this term
    8. He started going to school ____ the age of 5.so now he’s been in school ___ ten years
    9. ____ first I found the work very tiring, but ___ a few weeks I got used to it
    10. I’m going to Paris ___ Monday morning with Tom
    11. Children get presents ____ chritmas and ___ their birthday
    12. Children are very fond of swimming ____ the summer
    13. My father works ____ 7am____5pm
    14. _____ my birthday there will be a party ____7pm and 10 pm
    15.  _______years afterwards,people stil remember that terrible now
    16. They arrived ___ 3 o’clock yesterday
    17. I’ve been waiting for her ____half past six
    18. I watched TV ____9____12 last night
    19. He lived in Paris ____ three years
    20. She’ll be at home ____ Friday morning
    21. Our football season often begins_____ August every year
    22. _____ the end of the holiday,I needed anotherholiday
    23. We met ____ Easter day and went for a walk across the hills
    24. The church was built ____ 1910
    25. Tom and Peter came here _____ the same time
 Prepositions
  1. Translate this article .. .. .. ..English for me, please.
  2. You remind me .. .. .. .. my sister.
  3. We can see many stars .. . .. .the sky at night.
  4. Children like to go to the circus .. . .. . sunday
  5. Who is talking .. . .. . the phone, my dear?
  6. when I saw Lan. She was talking .. .. ..a friend .. .. ..hers.
  7. My wife has been .. ... ...  Ho Chi Minh city several times
  8. he is very interested .. .. .. football.
  9. Do you go to school .. .. .. car or .. .. .. foot.
  10. She is good .. .. .. English.
  11. They have only been there ............. a few minutes.
  12. The canoe overturned and evryone fell ............the deep water.
  13. Do you mind if I sit ..........the front seat .............the car?
  14. Donna is thinking ...........importing flowers ............Vietnam.
  15. Would you mind if I had a look .............your luggage?
  16. How ..........going to Ben Thanh Market this afternoon?
  17. You can use dictionary to find .........new words
  18. They are very proud ..........their new house.
  19. They named their daughter ............their favorite singers.
  20. The passage is written ...............English
  21. I'll come ........to pick her ...........at 8 o'clock
  22. Mrs Lan called ..........her newspaper delivery.
  23. He worked very hard and finally came ...........  ...........a very important invention
  24. I couldn’t meet Mrs Chi because she's ..............
  25. Tam had high marks ...........exams ..........working very hard ...........school
  26. To be remember of our organization, you can register ...........today
  27. That's very kind ........you to help me ............this math problem.
  28. It has rained ..........two o'clock.
  29. Try to learn the meaning of new words ............heart.
  30. Please wait ...........me a few minutes.
  31. In this respect, french differs .............English
  32. This restaurant is famous ...............its Chinese dishes.
  33. She enjoys participating ..........raising funds for the poor.
  34. The house is very dirty. We haven't cleaned it .........ages.
  35. My grandmother prefers living in the countryside ..........living in the city.
  36. My parents are tired ..........living in the city.
  37. She’s looking forward .........seeing her sister
  38. I’m grateful...........him ...........a wonderful evening
  39. Thank you ..........advising me not to smoke
  40. Jacson was late because he was not aware ..........the time
  41. Mary is sitting ................her father and mother
  42. She’s looking forward .........seeing her sister
  43. I’m grateful...........him ...........a wonderful evening
  44. Thank you ..........advising me not to smoke
  45. Jacson was late because he was not aware ..........the time
  46. Mary is sitting ................her father and mother
  47. Pasteur devoted all his time .............science
  48. Are you jealous ................his success.
  49. He is so busy ..............his work
  50. They spend much time .............reading books
  51. They were excited ...............the TV programme
  52. We buy it ............a low price
  53. A raincoat keeps you..........being ill
  54. He asked ............some money
  55. His teacher believes................his improvement
  56. Three prisoners escaped ...........the prison in May
  57. He’s very good ............telling jokes
  58. Better methods of refrigeration depend ..............engineers
  59. That’s very kind .........you to help me
  60. What is the reason..............your absence?
  61. I’m really proud ..................my mother
  62. Did Mr John succeed................selling his old car?
  63. Measuring money must be very difficult to carry...........
  64. Why did those fellows insist .............doing everything themselves?
  65. The teacher divided the class .............two groups
  66. We will provide you .............plastic bags.
  67. We're afraid to say that we don’t agree ........your project.It causes many bad things ......environment.
  68. Tom's parents was disappointed ..........him because he failed final test.
  69. Take an umbrella with you. It will save you ........getting wet on the way home.
  70. The boys keeps .......asking his father ..........protecting the environment.
  71. The street are full ......garbage.
  72. We are all responsible .........keeping the environment clear and clean.
  73. There’s no point ...............arguing
  74. She’s famous ...............her intelligence
  75. if you earn a good salary,you can be independent ...........your parents
  76. She was quite satisfied ..........your anwser
  77. This story is similar ................that one
  78. He often borrow money...............his friends

Correct the mistakes where necessary
  1. Lan is a very good student.She always comes to class in time
  2. His birthday falls in 23 july
  3. Always take a short nap in the afternoon before you start working again
  4. We have class meeting on Saturdays
  5. We were very lucky not to miss the first part of the play .We came to the theater just on time
  6. At the end of the day studying,he felt a pain in his chest
  7. Ho Chi Minh city appears extremely beautiful in night
  8. We moved into this city on 2009
  9. since 1975 to 2009,I studied at Nguyen Thi Minh Khai high school
  10. What are you doing at the time being?
Choose the best answer
III.Choose the best answer
1.       She was very surprised________ the grade she received.
          a. at                             b. on                          c. of                             d. about
2.       We might need more food, depending____ how many people turn up.
          a. for                            b. on                          c. at                             d. wit
3.       Jane doesn't spend much money______ clothes.
          a. over                         b. about                     c. at                             d. on
4.       She always takes good care_______ her children.
          a. for                            b. in                           c. of                             d. with
5.       A sign warned motorists______ dangers.
          a. of                             b. for                         c. about                       d. a and c
6.       They translated the letter ______ French.
          a. for                            b. with                       c. into                          d. about
7.       I was disappointed________ the grade I received on my last essay.
          a. for                            b. about                     c. to                             d. a and b
8.       The medical center is close ________ campus.
          a. to                             b. for                         c. up                            d. with
9.       We went there_______ car and stayed there for the whole day.
          a. in                             b. on                          c. with                         d. by
10.     We started our journey ______ foot.
          a. with                         b. by                          c. on                            d. in
11.     He always prevents me_______ doing my duty.
          a. of                             b. from                      c. with                         d. against
12.     I write letters _______ my right hand.
          a. in                             b. by                          c. with                         d. at
13.     The war victims suffered terribly______ cold and hunger.
          a. with                         b. from                      c. through                    d. of
14.     She is absent_______ class
          a. at                             b. from                      c. to                             d. away
15.     It is very nice__of___ you to take so much trouble.
          a. of                             b. to                           c. for                            d. from
16.      She arrived ……..two o’clock…….. the morning.
            a. at/ on                       b. in/ in                        c. at / in                       d. on/ in
17.      Brown and yellow hair is fashionable………the moment.
            a. in                             b. at                             c. over                         d. on
 18.     They see each other ……..lunchtime and ……..night only.
        a. in/ in                        b. on/ on                      c. at/ at            d. in/ at
19.       Remember the meeting will be ……..Tuesday, ……..9 am and 11am.
        a. on/ at                       b. on/ from                  c. on / between            d. at/ at
 20.      I know Jane.  I first met her ……Christmas……1990.
            a. in/ in                        b. at/ in                        c. at/ at            d. on/ in



CHAPTER 5: ADVERB CLAUSES OF RESULT
(so,so that,so…that,such…that,too…to,enough … to)
I – Form:
 
Tri came to class late so he was punished

So + S + V + ….

II – use : To introduce a result of an action or a state
He ran very very fast so nobody could catch him
She was kind so everyone loves her
III – Note : (quá…đến nỗi mà …)

S + be/v + So + Adj / Adv + that + S + V + O
S + be + Such + (a/an) + Adj + N + that + S + V + O

Kết hợp hai câu đơn thành một câu phức sử dụng so/such ta lam theo các bước sau:
 
    1. Lựa chọn giữa so và such (Nếu từ ở cuối câu đầu là adj / adv à So . Nếu từ ở cuối câu đầu là N à Such)
    2. Đặt SO hoặc SUCH trước a / an hoặc trước tính từ và bỏ very nếu có
    3. Thay dấu chám giữa hai câu bằng THAT

The milk is very hot. The younger brother can’t drink it
à The milk is so hot that the younger brother can’t drink it
It was very good coffe. I had another cup
à It was such coffe that I had another cup 

Fill in the blanks with so or such
    1. The city is ___ green that it attracts a lot of tourists
    2. It was ___ a peaceful place that we enjoyed ourselves so much
    3. They are ___ good players that they always win the tournament
    4. The actor played ____ well that he won an Oscar
    5. It was ___ a boring speech that most of us fell asleep
    6. The trip was ____ long that all the passengers felt exhausted
    7. Her voice was ___ soft that I had to interrupt her many times
    8. He scored ___ an important goal that he was widly cheered by the crowd
Combine these pairs of sentences,using “ so…that ” or “ such…that ”
( Kết hợp mỗi cặp cõu sau, dựng “ so …that” hoặc “ such …that”)
1.My friend is too sick. He can’t go to school.
2.The food was very good. We finished it up just a few minutes.
3.New York was a very big city. Jane was lost in it.
4.My neighbours are very bad persons. They made noise all day.
5. She bought too many things. She couldn’t bring them home at a time.
6.She is quite poor. She can’t buy bicycle.
7. He gave us very good advice. All of us are thankful to him.
8.There is too much furniture in the room. We don’t have enough space for the meeting.
9.Lan was very busy. She couldn’t go to the movies with us.
10. Mr Green drank too much wine. He got sick.

I.Too  ….to : quỏ …khụng th.
- Được dùng để chỉ một nguyên nhân đưa tới một kết quả phủ định.
* Form:        Too  + adj/adv  +  to –inf
* Eg:  -  He is too young to go to school.
      - She ran too slowly to catch the train.
- Nếu động từ theo sau diễn tả một sự việc được thực hiện bởi một chủ ngữ khác với chủ ngữ của động từ đi trước thỡ ta dựng:
* Form:       Too  + adj/adv  + for  + somebody  +  to –inf
* Eg :    - The questions are too difficult for us to answer.
        - The box was too heavy for the children to carry.
II.Enough to …: đủ …để có thể.
 - Được dùng để chỉ một nguyên nhân đưa tới một kết quả tất nhiên.
* Form:          adj/adv  + enough + to – inf
* Eg:   -  He is sick enough to need a docter.
      - The policeman ran fast enough to catch the thief.
 - Nếu động từ theo sau diễn tả một sự việc được thực hiện bởi chủ ngữ khác với chủ ngữ của động từ đi trước thỡ ta dựng :
* Form:        adj/ adv  + enough  + for + somebody  + to – inf
* Eg:    -   The exercises are easy enough for you to do.
       -   He spoke English slowly enough for us to understand.
B.Bài tp.
I. Combine these sentences, using “ too… to ” or “ enough… to ”, ( Kết hp cỏc cõu sau dựng “too … to” hoc “enough to…”)
1. These oranges are ripe. You can eat them.
2.He is strong. He can carry this table.
3. The house is large. My family can live in it.
4.It was very late. They didn’t go to the party.
5.The dress is so dirty. She can’t wear it.
6.She is tall. She can reach the top shelf.
7.Mr Brown isn’t rich. He can’t buy car.
8.My grandmother is very weak. She can’t lift the box.
9.The film is very good. The children won’t miss it.
10. Those shoes are large. You can wear them.
 II. Combine these sentences, using “ …too + adj + for + …+ to-inf ”. ( Kết hp cõu dựng “ … too + adj  +  for  + …+ to-inf”)
.1.The child can’t drink this milk. It’s too hot.
 2.We can’t lift this weight. It’s too heavy.
 3. They can’t push the piano through that door, it’s too narrow.
 4.You can’t hang the picture on that wall. It’s too small.
 5. She can’t watch this programme. It’s too boring.
 III. Combine these sentences, using “ adj + enough + (for) + to-inf ”. (Ni cõu dựng “ adj  +  enough  +  (for)  +  to-inf”.)
 1.You shouldn’t  wear this coat in winter. It’s not warm enough.
 2.Don’t stand on that chair. It’s not strong enough.
 3. You can’t sleep in this bed. It’s not wide enough for you two.
 4. I couldn’t make coffee for everyone. There weren’t enough cups.
 5. He didn’t finish the examination. He didn’t have enough time.
Rewrite sentences so that the meaning stay the same
1. The book is too interesting. I have read it many times.
-> The book is___________________________________________
2. She is a very beautiful girl. We all like her.
-> She is________________________________________________
3. The coffee was so hot that I couldn’t drink it.
-> The coffee was such___________________________________
4. It is such a low bridge that car can’t go under it.
-> The bridge is so___________________________________
5. The pupul is so intelligent that he can answer all my questions.
-> He is such_________________________________________
6. She has such wide knowledge that we can’t help admiring her.
-> Her knowledge is so________________________________
7. These people are kind. We love them.
-> They are such______________________________________
8. He is such a lazy boy that he can’t make progress in his study.
-> The boy is so_______________________________________
9. She is very old. She can’t walk far.
-> she is too__________________________________________
10. The wall is so high. They don’t climb over it.
-> The wall is too_____________________________________
11. She is too young to see that film.
-> She isn’t old_______________________________________
12. It was so cold that we don’t go out.
-> It was too__________________________________________
13. This store is too small for us to take notice of it.
-> This store isn’t____________________________________
14. These goods are too expensive to be sold quickly.
-> These goods are so__________________________________
15. The ground was so hard that he couldn’t dig it.
-> The ground was too__________________________________


CHAPTER 6: REPORTED SPEECH

I)Một số lưu ý khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang gián tiếp:
a/Thay đổi thì của động từ:.
Direct speech Reported speech
1. The simple present tense
          - is/are/ am
         - don’t/doesn’t + V(inf)
         - Verb in the present
1. The past simple tense
             - was/were
            - didn’t +V(inf)
            - Verb in the past
2. The present progressive tense
         - is/ are/ am(not)+ V- ing.
2. The past progressive tense
            - was/ were(not) + V-ing
3. The simple future tense
         - will + V (inf)
3. The simple future tense in the past
            - would + V(inf)
4. Modal verbs
          - can
          - must
          - may
          - have to

            - could
            - had to
            - might
            - had to
b/. Thay đổi các đại từ:  
    * First personal pronouns
            - I / We
            - my / our
            - me / us  
    * Third personal pronouns
            - He / She / They
            - his / her / their
            - him / her / them
    * Second personal pronouns * The same with objectives of the main clause
    * Third personal pronouns * Not change
c/ Thay đổi các trạng từ chỉ thời gian:
            - this
            - these
            - now
            - here
            - today
            - tonight
            - tomorrow          

            - that
            - those
            - then
            - there
            - that day
            - that night
            - the following day / the next day

II)Một số hình thức câu gián tiếp cơ bản:

          said that
S    + said to        +  Obj  +  that   + S  +  V  +  O.
          told                                           ( changed)
1. Statements.                   Form:



Direct:     He said, “ I’ll lend you my book, Alice.”
Indirect: He told Alice that he would lend her his book.
2. Wh-questions:
 
 
S    +    asked   +  Obj  +  wh-word  + S  +  V  +  O.
            wanted to know                                ( changed)

            Form:


Direct:     She said, “ Where are you going now?”
Indirect:  She asked Tom where he was going then.

3. Yes- No questions:
S    +    asked   +  Obj  +  If/ whether + S  +  V  +  O.
            wanted to know                                   ( changed)
                        Form:

           
Direct:      She said, “  Do you go to school today, my son?”
Reported: She asked her son if he went to school that day.
 
            asked  
            told
S    +    ordered     +  Obj  +  to infinitive.
              forced
              advised
              begged
Imperatives:Form:






     Direct:      She said’ “Open the windows, please.”
            Reported: She told me to open the windows.
           Direct:      He said, “ Don’t be late for school, Alice.”
            Reported: He advised Alice not to be late for school.
* Note : Khi động từ tường thuật ở các thì hiện tại ( simple present; present perfect; present continuous) hay tương lai thì ta không đổi “thì” của động từ cũng như các từ chỉ thời gian và nơi chốn.
Ex: She says, “ I will go there with you today.”
      Reported: She says that she will go there with me today.

A.Commands / Requests
 1. The teacher said to Tim, “Come into my office, please.”
 2. Their mother said to them, “Don’t make so much noise.”
 3. The traffic policeman said, “Show me your driving licence, please.”
 4. Mrs. Jackson said to Alice, “Could you give me a hand, please/”
 5. The lifeguard said, “Don’t swim out too far, boys.”
 6. Nam said to the taxi driver, Please turn left at the first traffic light.”
 7. She said to her son, “Go straight upstairs and get to bed.”
 8. The police said, “Don’t touch anything in the room.”
B. Statements
 1. Lan said, “I will be very busy tomorrow.”
 2. Thu said, “All the students will have a meeting next Sunday.”
 3. Tam said, I can swim across this river.”
 4. His sister said, “I don’t buy this book.”
 5. The boys said, “We have to try our best to win the match.”
 6. Her father said to her, “You can go to the movie with your friends.”
 7. Her classmate said, “Lan is the most intelligent girl in i=our class.”
 8. The teacher said, “The Sun rises in the East.”
C. “Yes – No” Questions
 1. “Are you Mrs. Lien’s student?”, Lan asked me.
 2. “Do you enjoy reading books?”, Phong asked Peter.
 3. “Does she like sports?”, Hoa asked Lan.
 4. “Will the students in grade 9 have their final exam in May?”, Phong asked his teacher.
 5. “Can you drive your bicycle to school?”, Ba said to Tuan.
 6. “May I use your dictionary for a moment?, Nga asked Hoa.
 7. “Are you fond of  watching television?”, Tuan said to Ba.
 8. “Will she be here for five days?, Tom asked Thu.
D. “Wh-” Questions
 1. “Where are you going?”, Lan asked.
 2. “Where does your father work?”, the teacher asked me.
 3. “How far is it from Ho Chi Minh City to Vung Tau?” A tourist asked.
 4. “How many people are there in your family?”, She asked Lan.
 5. “How long will you stay in England?, Tam’s friends asked him.
 6. “What language do you speak?”, Mrs. Brown asked Thu.
 7. “How much does this coat cost?”, Lan asked Lien.
 8. “What aspect of learning English do the students find most difficult?”, the teacher said to his students.
E. Mixed Reported Speech
 1. “Are you going to visit your aunt tomorrow?”, asked Tom.
 2. “Listen to me and don’t make a noise in class.”, said the teacher to his students.
 3. “I’m tired of eating fish”, said Mary to Hellen.
 4. “The Earth always goes round the Sun.”, said our teacher.
 5. “Where are you going for your holidays?, asked Martha.
 6. “I didn’t steal your fur coat yesterday.”, said Sammy to Jean.
 7. “You must do your homework every day.”, said Miss Borne to us.
 8. “Will we read the story?”, Billy said to his teacher


Turn the following sentences into indirect speech :

1. The teacher said to Nam “ Come into my office, please”
2. “ We are going shopping this after noon” they said to Mr Quang.
3. “ My sister is a singer” said he.
4. “I will buy a new bike next week” she said.
5. “ I don`t know what Mai is doing now”she said.
6. “Don`t forget to send your parents my regards” Lan said.
7. Mary said  “I can go to the movies with you, John”
8. “ It isn`t foggy today as it was yesterday” said the teacher.
9. Linh said “Turn off the light before going out”
10. I said to him “ Stay at home”
11. My mother said to the kids "Stop fighting ".
12. The teacher said “Don`t make noise in the class”
13. “She learns Enghlish well " said his mother.
14. The child said to the beggar “ Are you very poor?”
15. He said to Lan “I will visit Ha Long Bay tomorrow”
16. She said  “Do you often do your homework after school ?”
17. He said “I went to the library yesterday”
18. The police asked “ Where did you stay last night ?”
19. The girl said “I am going on holiday tomorrow”.
20. They said “ We are going learning Enghlish now”.
21. “I`m going away for a few days. I`ll phone you when I get back”.
22. He said “My brother is a doctor here”
23. Nga said “I stayed at home yesterday”
24. She saked me “ Give me your ticket, please”
25. They asked him “ Don`t touch the button”
26. She said “I can`t find my umbrella”
27. “Please don`t smoke in the room”she said.
28. “ Run faster”he said to his friends.
29. “ We are growing vegetables” they said.
30. “ You are my best friends” he said too us.
31. “ I`m living in Hue now”Mai says.
32. “ I want to become a doctor one day” said he.
33. “ I’ll come and see you as soon as I can”
34. “ You should practice speaking Enghlish everyday” said my teacher.
35. She said to her son “ Go straight upstairs and get into bed”
36. The lifeguard said “ Don`t swim out too far, boys”
37. He said to Huong “ Could you give me a hand, please ?”
38. The traffic police said “ Show me your driving licience, please”
39. Nien asked Hoa “ Do you have many new friends ?”
40. They said to us “ You must go now”
41. I asked Nam “ Are you free tonight ?”
42. The visitors said “ Can we take photos ?”
43. She said “ Do you know the way to the station ?”
44. “ Will I finish my exercise at home ?”
45. She said “ Can you speak Chinese, Minh ?”
46. “ how old is your grandpanrent ?” the girl said.

47.They said “Who are you going with tomorrow ?”
48. “ Do you want to visit Great Wall in China, Tam ?”
49. “ Are you from Canada?” I said to the tourist.
50. “ Send me a postcard when you arrive in Paris” I said to Lan.
51. “ Why is she crying ?” Thu asked Hoa.
52. “ When do your children go wsimming ?” Mrs Ly said.
53. “ Will it rain tomorrow ?” the old boy said.
54. He says “ I live in a quiet village”
55. They said “ We must repair our house next week”
56. She siad to her friends “ You can use my bike today”
57. Hoa’s parents said “ We’ll visit you this summer”
58. “ How often do you wash your clothes ?” Hoang asked Nam.
59. She said “ he doesn`t buy this books for me”
60. Nam said " You should go to see the doctor tomorrow, Vinh”
61. “ I must do the gardening today” An said to Linh.
62. “What time do you go to school ?” she said.
63. “I wish I were a boy” Mary said.
64. “ Can I use your dictionary ?” Nga asked Thu.
65. “Do you like the film we watched” Tom said to David.
66. “ Will she be here for five days ?” John asked Ba

I/ Put the following commands and requests into reported speech:
1. Their mother said to them, " Don't make so much noise."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. The teacher said to Tim, " Come into my office, please."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. The traffic policeman said, "Show me your driving licence, please."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Mrs. Jackson said to Tim, "Could you give me a hand, please?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. The lifeguard said, " Don't swim out too far, boys."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. Nam said to the taxi driver, " Please turn left at the first traffic light."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. She said to her son," Go straight upstairs and get into bed."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. The policeman said," Don't touch anything in the room."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. Mary said to John, " Can you carry my suitcase, please."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. The doctor said," You should take these medicines every four hours."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
11. The doctor said, "You shouldn't drink alcohol or smoke."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
12. The nurse said to Nam, "You ought not to eat fatty food."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
II/ Put these sentences into directed speech:
1. The teacher asked Susan to go to the blackboard.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. He told me not to leave the  door open.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. My mother asked me to help her with that heavy box.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Mrs. Jackson said Tim should improve his French pronunciation.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. They asked their mother not to worry about them.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. Nam's mother advised he shouldn't drive too fast.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. The policeman told me to move my car.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. The doctor said I should stay in bed for a few days.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
III/ Change these sentences into indirect speech:
1. " Don't throw things away," Miss Linda said to the students.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. " Shut the door but don't lock it," she said to us.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. Tom said, " I'm a student."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. Nga said to her brother," I can't answer this question."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. Charles said, " I'm living in London now."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. He said to us, "You are my best friends."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
7. John said to me, " I don't know what Fred is doing."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
8. She said, " I will answer the phone."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
9. He said to his friends, " I must go home now."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
10. Hoa said, " I can't go out after 8 p.m."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
11. She said to me, " I will come and see you as soon as I can."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
12. Judy said, " John wants to come here but he isn't very well."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
13. Susan said, " My sister is coming to see me next week."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
14. Judy said to me, " I'm going away for a few days. I'll phone you when I get back."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
15. "We are waiting for the school bus," said the children.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
16. She said to me, " Turn off all the lights when you go out."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
17. Mary asked me, " Do you want to visit London?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
18. She said, " Can you speak English?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
19. Thanh said to her teacher, " Will I finish my exercise at home?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
20.  Nien asked Hoa, " Do you have many new friends?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
21. My friend said, " Are you going to leave tomorrow?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
22. They said to us, " Must you go now?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
23. I asked Nam, " Are you free tonight?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
24. She asked the tourists, " Do you know the way to the station?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
25. John said, "Is Phong Nha Cave in southern Vietnam, Nhi?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
26. The visitors said, " Can we take photos?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
27. Daniel said to Tim, " Is there a cafe nearby?"
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
28. He said to me, " Don't forget to post the letter."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
29. Nhi said, "I am visiting Hoi An now."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
30. " Can you open your bag, please?" said the customs officers.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
31. John said , " I don't know how to this exercise."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
32. She said, " I must stay at home tomorrow."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
33. Hao asked Tim, " Do you like this place?" - " No, I don't."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
34. The man said to Nam, " The clock will never work again if you try to repair it."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
35. The teacher asked Nga, " Is Mouth Everest the highest mountain in the world?"
            -" Yes, it is."
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
Choose the best answer
1. He asked her ……
            a. when she leaves the party.                      b. when did she  leave the party.
            c. when she left the party                            d. when does she leave the party.
2. He said, “ I bought this book yesterday.” -> He told me that ……
a. he bought the book yesterday.                  b. he had bought the book yesterday
c. he had bought the book the day before    d. he bought the book the previous day.
3.He said that we would be met at the airport, but in fact, we……
            a. wouldn’t                b. couldn’t                 c. didn’t                     d.  weren’t

4. He wanted to know ……there
            a. how long time I had been                        b. how long I had been
            c. how long time had I been                        d. how long had I been
5. She asked me what time it was.
            In direct speech this should be read: ……
            a. She asked, “ What time it is?      b. She asked, “ What time it was?”
            c. She asked, “ What time is it?”    d. She asked, “ What time was it?”
6. “ Whose motorbike did you borrow last night?”, he asked.
            In reported speech this should be read: ……
            a. He asked me whose motorbike did I borrow last night.
            b. He asked me whose motorbike had I borrowed last night.
            c. He asked me whose motorbike I had borrowed last night.
            d. He asked me whose motorbike I had borrowed the night before.
7. “ Would you like a cup of coffee?”, she asked.
a. She asked if I like a cup of coffee.    b. She asked if I would like a cup of coffee.
c. She asked if I liked a cup of coffee.   d. She invited me to have a cup of coffee.
8. “ Did you close the windows when you left?”, ha asked.
            a. He asked me if I closed the windows when I left.
            b. He asked me if I had closed the windows when I left.
            c. He asked me if I closed the windows when I had left.
            d. He asked me if I had closed the windows when I had left.
9.“ What are you going to do this weekend?”, she asked
            a. She wanted to know what I am going to do that weekend.
            b. She wanted to know what I was going to do this weekend.
            c. She wanted to know what I were going to do that weekend.
            d. She wanted to know what I was going to do that weekend.
10.She told me that her mother …… to market when I arrived.
            a. just went    b. had just gone   c. has just gone      d. had just been gone
11. “ Whose book is on my desk?”. The teacher asked us …… .
            a. whose book is on his desk                      b. whose book was on his desk
            c. whose book  on his desk is                     d. whose book on his desk was
12. She asked me to sit next Mary.
            In direct speech, this should be read: “……”, she said.
            a. Please sitting next to Mary.                     b. Next to Mary, please.
            c. Please to sit next to Mary.                       d. Please sit next to Mary.
13. “Who wrote this letter?”, said the teacher. – The teacher ……
a. asked us who had written that letter.     b. asked us who that letter had written.
c. asked us who had written the letter.      d. told to us who had written letter.
14. I asked Lan if …… .
            a. she enjoys her music class.                     b. she will enjoy her music class.
            c. did she enjoy her music class.                d. she enjoyed her music class.
15.“ We always try to please you”. She says to me …… .
    a. we always tried to please me                  b. they always tried to please me.
    c. we always try to please me                     d. they always try to please me.
16. “ Be careful! The paint is wet”, she shouted.
    a. She said be careful because the paint was wet.
    b. She told me be careful because the paint was wet.
    c. She asked me to be careful because the paint is wet.
    d. She told me to be careful because the paint was wet.
17.. “Can I make an appointment to see the doctor?”
    a. Jenny asked to see the doctor.               
b. Jenny asked if the doctor could make an appointment.
c. Jenny asked whether she can make an appointment the doctor.
d. Jenny asked if she could make an appointment to see the doctor.
18.. “Did they tell you when they left school?”, he said to me.
    In reported speech, this could be read: ……
    a. He asked me if they told me when they left school.
    b. He asked me if they told me when they had left school.
    c. He asked me if they had told me when they left school.
    d. He asked me if they had told me when they had left school.
19.. She asked me how old Jimmy was.
    In direct speech, this could be read: ……
  1. She asked, “How old Jimmy was?”
  2. She asked, “How old Jimmy is?”
  3. She asked, “How old was Jimmy?”
  4. She asked, “How old is Jimmy?”
20. “When did your sister arrive?”, he asked.
    a. He asked me when my sister arrived.
    b. He wanted to know when my sister arrived.
    c. He asked me when my sister had arrived.
    d. He wanted to know when had my sister arrived.
21.“ Is he the man who came here yesterday?”. I wanted to know ……
    a. if he is the man who came here yesterday       
b. if he was the man who came here the day before
c. if he was the man who had come here the day before
d. if he was the man who had come there the day before
22.He said to me, “Shut this door, don’t lock it.”- He told me that……
    a. to shut the door, don’t lock it.                 b. shut the door, not lock it.
    c. shut the door, don’t lock it.                     d. to shut the door, not to lock it.
23. He told me that ……
    a. he has just finished typing.                     b. he just finished typing.
    c. he had just finished typing                      d. had he just finished typing.
24.He asked me ……to her birthday party the night before.
a. whether I come     b. if I would come    c. whether I had come          d. if I come
25. The man asked me what my name was. He said, “……?”
    a. What your name is                       b. What’s your name           
c. What your name was                   d. What was your name
26.I asked her where..........................................it .
A.does she put B. she put C. did she put D. she puts

27.Nam asked her how far............................from her house to her school
A. is it B. was it C. it was D. it is
28.She asked me......................I smoked .
A. could B. can C.if D. would
29.She asked me whether I ..............................pop music .
A. liked B.like C.could like D. would like
30.She said that she was having a wonderful time ..........................................
A. tomorrow B. there This D. next week
31.Mrs. Hoa said she..............have a new job the following  month.
A. may B.will C.might D. can
32.I asked her what sort of heating..........................................
A.was there B. there is C. there was D. there are
33.He said that.............................roses were for me .
A. those B. these C.they D. there

CHAPTER 7: TAG QUESTIONS
Affirmative statement, negative tag-question.
Negative statement, affirmative tag-question.
1- General rule:           

                   Ex:    Your brother likes watching foreign films, doesn’t he?
                             Mary has ever been late for class, has she?
2- Some exceptions:
                   a. Với câu Let’s chúng ta dung shall we
Let’s go to the cinema, shall we?
b. Với câu mệnh lệnh chúng ta có thể dùng will you/would you/   can/can’t/could you
Open the windows, will you?
                   c. dùng they với các S là somebody/one,everybody/one,nobody/.
Some body came here yesterday, didn’t they?
                   d. Dùng it với các S là nothing,everything,..
Everything will be all right, won’t it?
e. Dùng aren’t I với I am
I am always on time for class, aren’t I?
f. Dùng there với S là there
There won’t be any problem,will there?
Put a question tag at the end of each statement
  1. It’s good restaurant,________?
  2. Your father isn’t at work today,_______?
  3. I’m too silly,________?
  4. You haven’t seen that film,________?
  5. Lan can speak French and English,_______?
  6. You’d something to drink,________?
  7. We’re leaving tomorrow,_________?
  8. Let’s have a talk,_______?
  9. Pass me the butter,_________?
  10. Don’t forget to lock the door when you go out,_______?
  11. Nobody was watching the TV,________?
  12. They had to go,________?
  13. there were a lot of people at the seminar,_________?
  14. He’d never seen you before,_________?
  15. This isn’t very good,________?
  16. You get up early,_________?
  17. They don’t play soccer,________?
  18. She did not visit her friends,__________?
  19. Your father hasn’t seen he for a long time,________?
  20. They won’t walk to school,_________?
  21. They want to came, __________________?
  22. Jane is a teacher, __________________?
  23. He isn’t here, __________________?
  24. This is your umbrella, __________________?
  25. Cindy can’t come with us, __________________?
  26. You have never been to Hanoi, __________________?
  27. He has a bicycle, __________________?
  28. You write a letter to your father, __________________?
  29. Kathy will be in class tomorrow, __________________?
  30. You weren’t at home last night, __________________?
  31. Jane went to London High School, __________________?
  32. She has the keys to the dinning – room, __________________?
  33. You are a member of this class, __________________?
  34. They are studying hard, __________________?
  35. It wasn’t raining, __________________?
  36. I don’t have to come to the meeting, __________________?
  37. Cindy had to leave early, __________________?
  38. Tomorrow isn’t a holiday, __________________?
  39. You should call your mom today, __________________?
  40. These are your keys, __________________?
  41. She goes shopping every day,.....................................?
  42. He has been studying English a long time,..........................................?
  43. He is a good student,...................................?
  44. She play the piano well,...............................?
  45. They played soccer yesterday,.......................?
  46. She can speak  English fluently,................................?
  47. The traffic is heavy today,.............................?
  48. You always buy your clothes in the Department Store ,............................?
  49. Mr.Green used to take the children to the circus,...............................?
  50. You 'll be back before noon,.................................?
  51. They are travelling in Europe now,...................................?
  52. The bus stops at this corner,..............................?
  53. It takes more than an hour to get there , ....................................?
  54. He's ready now,.............................?
  55. She's visited Nha Trang city,.................................?
  56. She 's here last week,.................................?
  57. We should leave early,................................?
  58. Your sister has already done the ẻxercise.,...................................?
  59. We must obey the law,.............................?
  60. You dare to meet her,...............................?
◙  EXERCISE:
  1. George left class early to day, .................................?
  2. He is an excellent student, .......................................?
  3. She has never gotten in touch with you,................................?
  4. Today is Wednesday,....................................?
  5. You live in My Xuyen,..............................?
  6. You were absent yesterday,................................?
  7. They don't know each other,...............................?
  8. We won't have to stand in line,.................................?
  9. You mailed that letter,................................?
  10. You didn't forget to put a stamp on it, ....................................?
11.There'll be a rail strike tomorrow , ...........................?
  1. There used to be a small house here,................................?
  2. There's plenty of polluted water here,...........................?
  3. There are a lot of magazines on the table,............................?
  4. There isn't any butter in the fridge,............................?
  5. There aren't any tomatoes in the basket,...............................?
  6. There won't be anyone winning the prize , ..................................?
  7. There didn't use to be a shrine of a young vietnamese hero here, .................... ?
  8. There has been a banner on the wall,.................................?
  9. There have been  banners on the wall,...................................?
◙  EXERCISE:
  1. You aren't afraid of snakes ,  ................................?
  2. Ann isn't at home,  ............................?
  3. You don't know French ,  ..............................?
  4. Tom didn't see her,  ..............................?
  5. This isn't yours,  ...............................?
  6. Mary wasn't angry ,  ..............................?
  7. Bill hasn't had breakfast ,  ........................................
  8. You won't tell anyone,  ..............................?
  9. I didn't wake you up,..............................?
  10. Tom doesn't like oysters ,  ................................?
  11. You don't want to sell the house,  ...............................?
  12. It doesn't hurt,  ............................?
  13. People shouldn't drink and drive ,  ............................?
  14. you aren't going alone,  ..........................?
  15. They couldn't pay the rent,  ...............................?
  16. You don't agree with Bill ,..........................?
  17. There wasn't a lot to do,  .................................?
  18. I needn't say anything ,  ...........................?
  19. That wasn't Ann in the phone, ...................................?
  20. You didn't do it on purpose,  ...........................?
  21. This won't take long ,...........................?
  22. He shouldn't put so much salt in it , .................................?
  23. Mary couldn't leave the children alone , .................................?
  24. You wouldn't like another drink.,  ..............................?
  25. There weren't any mosquitoes,  ...............................?
  26. It doesn't matter very much,  .............................?
  27. Tom doesn't have to go to lectures,  ...................................?
  28. I needn't wait any longer,................................?
  29. You won't mind helping me with this,............................?
  30. The children weren't surprised, ..................................?
◙  EXERCISE:
  1. The children can read English,..........................?
  2. He's ten years old , ...........................?
  3. Ba came on a bicycle , ............................?
  4. The Smiths have got a car , ..................................?
  5. Your grandfather was a millionaire , .................................?
  6. Tom should try again , ...............................?
  7. It could be done , ........................?
  8. Your brother 's here, ................................?
  9. That's Tim over there , ....................................?
  10. This will fit in your pocket,..............................?
  11. His wife has headaches quite often , ..............................?
  12. She 's got lovely blue eyes ,...............................?
  13. Prices keep going up ,..............................?
  14. I've seen you before ,.............................?
  15. Bill's written a novell ,...............................?
  16. His mother 's very proud of him ,............................?
  17. The twins used to play rubby , ...........................?
  18. Tom might be at home now ,..........................?
  19. We must hurry ,.............................?
  20. You'd been there before , ...............................?
  21. I'd like a drink,...............................?
  22. Mary ought to cooked it for them , .................................?
  23. That was Ann on the phone ,.............................?
  24. The Smiths need two cars , ..............................?
  25. He used to eat raw fish ,..........................?
  26. You'll help me ,.................................?
  27. There'll be plenty for  Bill,...............................?
  28. You 'd better wait for Bill ,............................?
  29. You'd come if I needed help,................................?
  30. You'd come at short notice ,............................?
Choose the best answer:
1.Everyone will agree to our suggestion, ……?
a. will they                b. will he                    c. won’t they             d. won’t he
       2. No one phoned while I was out, ……?
            a. did they                  b. didn’t they             c. did he                     d. didn’t he
3.mother has to work to support the family, ……?
            a. hasn’t she              b. has she                   c. does she                 d. doesn’t she
      
4. That is the true story, ……?
            a. isn’t that                 b. is that                     c. isn’t it                     d. is it
5. I don’t suppose anyone will volunteerim passing the exam     c. him passed the examxamime-rams just by selecting the right dmit, keep, suggest, risk.___________, ……?
     a. won’t they             b. will they                c. won’t he                 d. do I
 6.Mary scarcely goes out at night,……?
     a. doesn’t she            b. does she                 c. did she              d. doesn’t Mary
7. There won’t be any trouble for you, ……?
     a. will there               b. will it                     c. will they                d. won’t they
       8.Tom and Bill have hardly done their homework, ……?
            a. haven’t they          b. did they                 c. do they                   d. have they
9. Let’s go swimming this afternoon, ……?
            a. shall we                  b. will we                   c. let we                      d. let not we
10.Neither of the students got good marks, ……?
            a. do they                   b. did they                 c. don’t they              d. didn’t they
11.I know you won’t mind sitting by Peter,_____?
a. do I                         b. don’t I                    c. will you                  d. won’t you
12.Nobody came when I was out,_______?
a. didn’t they             b. did they                  c. did he                     d. didn’t he
13.Let’s go to the movie theater,_________?
a. Shall we                 b. don’t we                c. don’t they              d. do they
14.You don’t meet a single on TV,_________?
a. you don’t               b. do you                    c. you do                    d. don’t you
15.A daily newspaper was published in Germany in 1950,______?
a. isn’t it                     b. is it                         c. was it                      d. wasn’t it
       16.Nobody is ready to go,_________?
a. are they                  b. isn’t he                   c. is he                        d. aren’t they
17.We_____to havr cable TV soon,aren’t we?
a. are going                b. were going            c. go                d. aren’t going
18.I am a teacher,________?
a. are I                        b. am I                        c. am not I                  d. aren’t I
19.There is a park near your house,_______?
a. are there                 b. is there                   c. aren’t there            d. isn’t there
20.Stop talking ,_____?
a.  will you                 b. don’t you               c. did you                   d. are you


CHAPTER 8: GERUND AND INFINITIVES
A Gerund (V_ing) after some verbs:
1/ mind, enjoy, finish, like, dislike, love, hate, avoid, practice, feel, imagine, deny, admit, keep, suggest, risk,forgive , stop, miss , start  give up, delay,fancy, excuse,consider,….

 
      1. Verb preposition:
 
Approve of Appologize for Believe in Count on Care for
Complain of Cofess to Consist of Depend on Dream of
End in Give up Get to Forget about Go back to
Hesitate about Insist on Keep on Lead to Long for
Mean by Persist in Plan on Put off Rely on
Return to Result in Safe from Succeed in Think about
Think of Take to Threaten with Worry about Object to
Look forward to….      

       Ex: Tom enjoys watching TV, he dislikes playing football.
      1. Adjectives preposition:
 
Absorbed in       Accustomed to Afraid of Amused at Angry with
Annoy at Ashamed of Aware of (in)capable of Careful about
Careful in Careless of Certain about Clever at (un)concious of
Content with Delighted at Different from Ambarrassed at Excited about
Far from Fond of Fortunate in Frightened of Furious at
Given to Good at Grateful for Happy in (at) Intent on
Interested in Keen on Nice about Proud of Pleased at
Responsible for Right in Scared at (of) Set on Sick of
Skilled in (at) Slow in Sorry for Successful in (at) Sure of
Surprised at Thankful for Tired of (from) Upset at Worried about
Wrong in… Fed up with Busy with Famous for
 
Responsible for
Full of Different from Kind to Similar to Nervous about

4/ Expressions + V_ing:
1. to be no good / no use + v.ing : vụ ớch
2 . to be worth / worthwhile + v.ing :đáng, xứng đáng.
3 . to be busy + v.ing : bận
4 . There is no point in + v.ing
5. spend / waste + (time) + v.ing
6. can’t stand = can’t help: khụng thể khụng

                                                   III.SPECIAL CASES:
  1. Either infinitives or gerunds:
    1. stop:
      1. stop + to infinitives (= stop this work to start the other work)
e.g. He stops to smoke. (He stops his work and starts smoking)
      1. stop + gerunds (= to give up a habit )
e.g. He stops smoking  (He no longer smokes)
 
    1. try:
    1. try + to infinitives (= manage successfully to do)
e.g. He tried to lift the case. (He managed to lift the case and succeeded)
 
    1. try + gerunds (= to experience)
e.g. He tried lifting the case. (He wanted to know whether he could lift it)
    1. remember:
    1. remember + to infinitives (= to make oneself aware of a task)
e.g. He remembered to lock the door. (He had to lock the door)
    1. remember + gerunds (= to assure oneself a fulfilled task)
e.g. He remembered locking the door. (He was sure that he had locked the door)
    1. forget:
    1. forget + to infinitives (= to miss a task)
e.g. Sam forgot to buy food. (Sam didn’t buy food)
    1. forget + gerunds (= the fulfilled task is forgotten)
e.g. Sam forgot buying food. (He bought food but he didn’t remember)
    1. regret:
  1. regret + to infinitives  (not want to do this task)
e.g. Kim regretted to say the truth. (He didn’t want to say the truth but he had to)
  1. regret + gerunds ( the task is done unexpectedly)
e.g. Kim regretted saying the truth.(He said and he regretted what he’d done)
    1. Need :
  1. need + V-ing (cú cỏi gỡ cần được làm-mang ý nghĩa bị động)
this house need repearing
  1. need + to infinitives(cần làm-mang ý nghĩa chủ động)
I need to buy this house
Put the verbs in the brackets in to the correct form
     1. When she was a child,Mai detested(go) to school
2. I call Nhi but she pretended not to hear and went on(do) her work
3. My mother love(cook)
4. Dang,stop(talk)! The class is noisy just because of you
5. I am do the exercises carefully to avoid(make) mistakes
6. I prefer(play) chess to going to the theater
7. Do you mind(move) your chair a bit side?
8. Have you finished(work) on yout project?
9. Do you enjoy(listen) to Pop music?
10.Quang has always hated(do) his homework
11. My brother spent hours..........(repair) his motorbiker.
12. Don't forget to bring my dictionary when you ..........(come) back tomorrow.
13. You..........(feel) cold if the sun ..........(not shine) .
14. I'm tired after that long walk. I'm not used to..........(walk) so far.
15. Bill never carries money with him. He's afraid of ..........(rob)
16. I stopped..........( buy) a newspaper  on the way home.
17. She dislikes..........(ask) to do something by others.
18. If Lan or Mai ..........(come) , tell them ..........(wait) for me.
19. When Mrs Brown(look) out, she(see ) the children (play) near the pool.
20. A: Who suggested..........(go) on a camping holiday in October?
      B: I did. But I(not know) it was going to rain. I don't enjoy (put) up a tent in the rain.

Choose the best answer
1.I will see you again. We are all looking forward …… again.
a. to see you         b. for seeing you         c. to seeing you           d. seeing you
2. Instead of ……about the good news, Tom seemed to be indifferent.
a exciting              b. to excise                  c. being excited           d. to be excited
3.Those new students hope ……in the school’s sports activities.
a. to be included     b. including               c. being included        d. to  include
4. Would you mind not ……on the radio until I’ve finished typing the document?
a. to turn               b. turning                     c. being turned d. to be turned
5. I don’t mind ……by bus but I hate ……in queues.
     a. to travel/ to worry                           b. traveling/ standing 
c. to travel/ standing                           d. traveling/ to stand
6. Try ……it. It isn’t worth……about.
     a. to forget/ to worry                           b. forgetting/ worrying
     c. to forget/ worrying                          d. forgetting / to worrying
7.Bill is always trying ……me.
a. to avoid to meet      b. avoiding meeting    c. to avoid meeting      d. avoiding to meet
8. The man was arrested though he denied……the car.
       a. to steal              b. steal             c. stealing                    d. stolen
9.Although younger than the other children, Tommy demanded ……in the game.
       a. to include                      b. to be included         c. including     d. being included
10. The driver wanted to buy some cigarettes. So he stopped ……
            a. buying some cigarettes                                b. to have bought some cigarettes
            c. to buy some cigarettes                                 d. having bought some cigarettes
11. He used to collect stamps. He gave up ……stamps long ago.
   a. to collect               b. collected                  c. collecting                 d. to have collected
12. It’s no use ……children……quiet. They are always noisy.
    a. to ask/ to keep     b. asking/ keeping       c. to ask/ keeping        d. asking/ to keep
13. I remember ……him somewhere but I can’t tell where it was.
     a. to see                  b. seeing                      c. to be seeing d. to be seen
14. Go on, ask as many questions as you can. I don’t mind ……all.
            a. to answer them                                b. answering them      
c. to be answered them                       d. being answered them
15.Mrs. Anderson is responsible ……hiring and firing employees.
      a. with                               b. by                            c. to                             d. for
16.Polly didn’t do her homework. She forgot ……the homework.
       a. to do                 b. doing                       c. to have done            d. having done
17. I’m sorry. I didn’t mean ……rude to you.
       a. to be                  b.  being                      c. to have been            d. having been.
18.     He kept on_______
          a. worked                    b. work                      c. working                   d. works
19.     She went to market without_______ anything.
          a. buy                          b. to buy                    c. bought                     d. buying
20.     This article is worth_______ into your notebook.
a. copying                    b. copy                      c. to copy                    d. to be copied

21.     The boy denied_______ the glass window.
          a. to break                   b. breaking                c. broke                       d. to break
22.     These workers are accustomed to _______ at night.
          a. work                        b. working                 c. works                       d. be working
23.     The criminal admitted_______ this innocent child.
          a. killed                       b. to kill                     c. killing                      d. had killed
24.     Mrs. Ramsay was accustomed_______ in this rickety house.
          a. by living                  b. to living                 c. with living               d. living
25.     She has avoided_______ to me so far.
          a. being talked            b. talk                        c. talking                     d. to talk
26.     We should avoid_______ personal questions.
          a. asking                      b. ask                         c. to ask                       d. at asking
27.     It is no use_______ over spilt milk.
          a. for crying                 b. in crying                c. to cry                       d. crying
28.     I intended to revenge him but my father prevented me_______ so.
          a. from doing              b. not to do                c. not do                      d. not doing
29.     You should remember_______ for me.
          a. post                          b. posting                  c. to be posting            d. to have posted
30.     We object to_______ her like this.
          a. treat                         b. being treated         c. treating                    d. be treated
31.     I can’t help_______ anxious about the economic situation of our country.
          a. be                             b. feeling                   c. feel                          d. to feel
32.     The nurse denied_______ the injection.
          a. give                          b. giving                    c. gave                         d. to give

I/ Complete the passage with an "-ing" or "to-infinitive" form of the verbs in the blanks.
            Last night, I decided………(go) to Sally's birthday party. I was really nervous. I usually avoid………(go) to parties because I have trouble ………(remember) people's name. Well, last night things were diffirent. Before the party, I read a book about ………(improve) your memory. I practiced………(do) some of the memory exercises. They really helped. As a result, I stopped ………(worry) about what people would think of me, and I tried ………(pay) attention to what people were saying. And guess what? I had a good time! Now I do enjoy………(go) to parties.







 
    1. INFINITIVES:
I/ Verb + to – infinitive:
Agree Arrange Ask Attempt Begin
Care Cease Choose Claim Come
Continue Decide Deserve Demand Determine
Desire Expect Fail Fear Forget
Hate Help Hesitate Hope Intend
Learn Like Long Love Manage
Mean Need Neglect Offer Omit
Plan Prefer Pretend Prepare Promise
Propose Refuse Start Swear Seem
Strive Tend Threaten Try         Want      Wish…
I/ Verb + O + to – infinitive:
Advise Allow Ask Assume Beg
Believe Cause Challenge Command Compel
Consider Enable Encourage Expect Find
Forbid Force Get Guess Hate
Imagine Instruct Intend Invite Know
Lead Like Love Mean Observe
Order Permit Persuade Prefer Suspect
Teach Tell Tempt Think Trust
Understand Urge Warn Want Wish….
 1  He made me (do) it all over again.
  2  She can (sing) quite well.
  3  He will be able (swim) very soon.
  4  I used to (live) in a caravan.
  5 You ought (go) today. It may (rain) tomorrow.
  6 You needn't (say) anything. Just nod your head and he will  (understand).
  7  I want (see) the house where our president was born.
  8 He made her (repeat) the message.
  9 May I (use) your phone?
10 You needn't (ask) for permission; you can (use) it whenever you like.
11 If you want (get) there before dark you should (start) at once.

12  I couldn't (remember) his address.
13 You'll be able (do) it yourself when you are older.

14 Would you like (go) now or shall we (wait) till the end?
15  They won't let us (leave) the Customs shed till our luggage has been  examined.
16. It is easy (be) wise after the event.                           
17. Do you (wish) (make) a complaint?                      
18.We don't (want) anybody (know) that we are here.           
19.If you can't (remember) his number you'd better (look) it up.  
20. I want her (learn) Esperanto; I think everybody ought to (know) it?
21. He is said (be) the best surgeon in the country.
22. Visitors are asked (not feed) the animals.
23.Could I (see) Mr Pitt, please?
24.  I'm afraid Mr Pitt isn't in. Would you like (speak) to his secretary'
25. It's better (travel) hopefully than (arrive), (proverb)

1.I hope_______
          a. to see you there       b. seeing you there    c. you to see there       d. see you there
2.       I taught_______a. how mending a shirt   b. him how to mend a shir
                                     c. how mend a shirt       d. him how mend a shirt
3.       I told_______
a. Nam to come           b. to come Nam         c. to Nam come           d. Nam come
4.       My father has decided_______ a new house.
          a. find                          b. to find                   c. finding                     d. him find
5.       Mother warned_______ the electric plug
          a. here not to touch     b. her touching not    c. her not touch           d. not touch
6.       Don't tell Tan because I don't want_______
          a. him to know            b. know                     c. him know                d. knowing
7.       She explained_______
          a. how to make it        b. me how to make it c. me to make it          d. me make it
8.       Miss Brown told Mary_______ down.
          a. sit                             b. to sit                      c. sitting                      d. sat
9.       She told Mary_______ up hope.
          a. not give                   b. do not give            c. not to give               d. to give not
10.     Michael Faraday wrote a litter to Sir Humphry Davy_______ for work.
          a. asked                       b. to ask                     c. so to ask                  d. in order to asking
11.     Do you know_______ to play that game now?
          a. way                          b. what                      c. if                              d. how
12.     She is very glad_______ see you again.
          a. in                             b. with                       c. to                             d. for
13.     He noticed two thieves_______ out of a shop.
          a. to come                    b. are coming            c. in coming                d. come
14.     When will he be allowed to go home? When will they_______?
          a. let him go                b. let to go                 c. leave him to go        d. leave him
15.     The guide encouraged the tourists_______ the Prado Museum Madrid
          a. visit                          b. to visit                   c. visiting                     d. to visiting
16.     Mow that were finished painting the house, there's nothing left_______
          a. done                        b. did                         c. to do                        d. for doing
17.     The superintendent promised to tear down and_______ the fire damaged school building.
          a. rebuild                     b. to rebuild               c. rebuilding                d. to rebuilding
18.     The mechanic needs_______ a new muffler on your car.
          a. to put                       b. putting                   c. to be put                  d. to putting
19.     Our house needs_______
          a. to paint                    b. to be painting        c. to be paint               d. painting
20.     Do you want _______ by the doctor?
            a. to examine   b. to be examined        c. being examined       d. being to examine
CHAPTER 9: RELATIVE CLAUSES

1. WHO : dựng thế cho chủ từ - ngừoi
2. WHOM : dựng thế cho tỳc từ - ngừoi
3. WHICH : dựng thế cho chủ từ lẫn tỳc từ - vật
4. WHEN : dựng thế cho thời gian
5. WHERE : dùng thế cho nơi chốn
6. THAT : dựng thế cho tất cả cỏc chữ trờn ( cú 2 ngoại lệ xem phần dưới )
7. WHOSE : dựng thế cho sở hữu ,người / vật
8. OF WHICH : dựng thế cho sở hữu vật
9. WHY : dựng thế cho lý do ( reason /cause)


CÁCH GIẢI BÀI TẬP DÙNG ĐẠI TỪ QUAN HỆ WHO ,WHICH...

DẠNG 1 : NỐI 2 CÂU
Dạng này đề bài người ta cho 2 cõu riêng biệt và yêu cầu mỡnh dựng đại từ quan hệ nối chúng lại với nhau. Các bước làm dạng này như sau:
Bước 1 :
Chọn 2 từ giống nhau ở 2 câu :
Câu đầu phải chọn danh từ, câu sau thường là đại từ ( he ,she ,it ,they ...)
ví dụ :
The man is my father. You met him yesterday.

BƯỚC 2 :
Thế who,which... vào chữ đó chọn ở cõu sau, rồi đem (who ,which ..) ra đầu câu
The man is my father. You met him yesterday.
Ta thấy him là người, làm túc từ nên thế whom vào
-> The man is my father.You met whom yesterday.
Đem whom ra đầu câu
-> The man is my father. whom You met yesterday.
Bước 3 :
Đem nguyên câu sau đặt ngay phía sau danh từ đó chọn ở cõu trước
The man is my father. whom You met yesterday
-> The man whom You met yesterday is my father


DẠNG 2 : ĐIỀN VÀO CHỔ TRỐNG
Dạng này đề bài người ta cho sẳn một câu đó được nối với nhau nhưng chừa chỗ trống để thí sinh điền đại từ quan hệ vào. Các bước làm dạng này như sau:

+ Nhỡn danh từ phớa trứơc (kế bên chỗ trống) xem người hay vật ( hoặc cả hai ):
- Nếu vật thỡ ta điền WHICH / THAT
The dog __________ runs .....( thấy phiá trứoc là dog nên dùng WHICH / THAT)

Nếu là : REASON, CAUSE thỡ dựng WHY
The reason ________ he came ... ( dựng WHY )

-Nếu là thơỡ gian thỡ dựng WHEN

-Nếu là nơi chốn thỡ dựng WHERE
Lưu ý :
- WHEN , WHERE , WHY không làm chủ từ, do đó nếu ta thấy phía sau chưa có chủ từ thỡ ta phải dựng WHICH / THAT chứ khụng được dùng WHEN , WHERE , WHY.
Do you know the city _______ is near here ?
Ta nhận thấy city là nơi chốn, nhưng chớ vội vàng mà điền WHERE vào nhé ( cái này bị dính bẩy nhiều lắm đấy ! ). Hóy nhỡn tiếp phớa sau và ta thấy kế bờn nú là IS ( động từ ) tức là chữ IS đó chưa có chủ từ, và chữ mà ta điền vào sẽ làm chủ từ cho nó -> không thể điền WHERE mà phải dùng WHICH /THAT ( nếu không bị cấm kỵ )
-> Do you know the city __WHICH / THAT_____ is near here ?

- Nếu ta thấy ro ràng là thời gian, nơi chốn nhưng xem kỹ phia sau động từ người ta có chừa lại giới từ hay không, nếu có thỡ khụng đựoc dùng WHEN , WHERE, WHY mà phải dùng WHICH / THAT
The house ________ I live in is nice .
Ta thấy house là nơi chốn, nhưng chớ vội điền WHERE nhé, nhỡn sau thấy ngừoi ta cũn chừa lại giới từ IN nờn phải dựng WHICH /THAT
-> The house ___which/that_____ I live in is nice
Nhưng đôi khi người ta lại đem giới từ lên để trứoc thỡ cũng khụng đựoc dùng WHERE nữa nhé :
The house in ___which_____ I live is nice

- Nếu là NGƯỜI thỡ ta tiếp tục nhỡn phớa sau xem cú chủ từ chưa ? nếu có chủ từ rồi thỡ ta dựng WHOM / THAT, nếu chưa có chủ từ thỡ ta điền WHO / THAT.
- Lưu ý : nếu thấy phớa sau kế bờn chổ trống là một danh từ trơ trọi thỡ phải xem xột nghĩa xem cú phải là sở hửu khụng, nếu phải thỡ dựng WHOSE .
The man ________son studies at .....
Ta thấy chữ SON đứng một mỡnh khụNG cú a ,the ,.. gỡ cả nờn nghi là sở hửu, dịch thử thấy đúng là sở hửu dùng WHOSE (người đàn ông mà con trai của ông ta . .. )
=> The man ____( whose )____son studies at .....

- Nếu phía trứoc vừa có người + vật thỡ phải dựng THAT

The man and his dog THAT ....


cỏch dựng WHOSE và OF WHICH

WHOSE : dùng cả cho người và vật
This is the book .Its cover is nice
-> This is the book whose cover is nice .
-> This is the book the cover of which is nice

WHOSE :đứng trứoc danh từ
OF WHICH : đứng sau danh từ ( danh từ đó phải thêm THE )
OF WHICH : chỉ dùng cho vật ,không dùng cho người.
This is the man . His son is my friend.
-> This is the man the son of which is my friend.( sai )

-> This is the man whose son is my friend.( đúng )


NHỮNG LƯU í KHI DÙNG ĐẠI TỪ QUAN HỆ ( WHO ,WHICH ,WHOM.... )

1.Khi nào dựng dấu phẩy ?
Khi danh từ đứng trước who ,which,whom... là :
+ Danh từ rieng ,ten
Ha Noi, which ....
Mary, who is ...
+ Có this ,that ,these ,those đứng trước danh từ :
This book, which ....
+ Có sở hửu đứng trước danh từ :
My mother, who is ....
+ Là vật duy nhất ai cũng biết : Sun ( mặt trời ), moon ( mặt trăng )
The Sun, which ...
2. Đặt dấu phẩy ở đâu ?
- Nếu mệnh đề quan hệ ở giữa thỡ dựng 2 dấu phẩy đặt ở đầu và cuối mệnh đề
My mother , who is a cook , cooks very well
- Nếu mệnh đề quan hệ ở cuối thỡ dựng một dấu phẩy đặt ở đầu mệnh đề ,cuối mệnh đề dùng dấu chấm .
This is my mother, who is a cook .

3.Khi nào có thể lược bỏ đại từ quan hệ WHO ,WHICH ,WHOM...
- Khi nó làm túc từ và phía trước nó không có dấu phẩy ,không có giới từ ( whose không được bỏ )
This is the book which I buy.
Ta thấy which là túc từ ( chủ từ là I ,động từ là buy ) ,phía trước không có phẩy hay giới từ gỡ cả nờn cú thể bỏ which đi :

-> This is the book I buy.
This is my book , which I bought 2 years ago.
Trước chữ which có dấu phẩy nên không thể bỏ được .
This is the house in which I live .
Trước which có giới từ in nên cũng không bỏ which đựơc .

This is the man who lives near my house.
Who là chủ từ ( của động từ lives ) nên không thể bỏ nó được .

4. Khi nào KHÔNG ĐƯỢC dựng THAT :
- Khi phía trước nú cú dấu phẩy hoặc giới từ :
This is my book , that I bought 2 years ago. (sai) vỡ phớa trước có dấu phẩy -.> không được dựng THAT mà phải dựng which
This is the house in that I live .(sai) vỡ phớa trước có giới từ in -> không được dùng THAT mà phải dùng which

5. Khi nào bắt buộc dựng THAT
- Khi danh từ mà nú thay thế gồm 2 danh từ trở lờn trong đó vừa có ngừơi vừa có vật
The men and the horses that ....

That thay thế cho : người và ngựa



6.Khi nào nờn dựng THAT

- Khi đầu câu là IT trong dạng nhấn mạnh (Cleft sentences)

It is My father that made the table.

- Khi đứng trước đó là : all, both, each, many, most, neither, none, part, someone, something, so sánh nhất

There is something that must be done
This the most beautiful girl that I've ever met.

Exercise 1: Combine these sentences with  who , whom , which.
1. I thanked the woman. She helped me.                                                                                      2. She is the most intelligent woman. I’ve ever met this woman.
3. The doctor is famous. You visited him yesterday.
4. Do you know the music? It is being played on the radio.
5. These children are orphans. She is taking care of these children.
6. She couldn’t come to the party. This is a pity.
7. The man answered the phone. He said Tom was out.
8. Who is the woman?  We met her here last year.
9. Try to read the book . I gave  it to you yesterday.
10. A typhoon is a violet tropical storm. It can cause great destruction.
11. Her mother listened to the news on T.V. She was interested in weather forecasts.
12. Hoa took some change. She wanted to buy some drink.
13.  The boys are interested in football. It is a popular game all over the world.
14. My classmates had so much fun at the carnival. They wanted to see it again.
15. We visited the monument. It was built a hundred years ago.
16. Minh went back home. He forgot to turn off the faucet.
17. Mai wants to drink some medicine. She has a headache.
18. Children like to eat cake. It can cause toothache if they have too much everyday.
19. Her mom made a delicious for the family.  She was a cook in a restaurant.
20. The boy gave his parents big hugs before he left. He went abroad to study.
Exercise 2:  Combine each pair of sentences , Using “ whose”
  1. I like the house . Its walls were made of glass.
  2. I read about the child. His life was saved by a pet dog.
  3. The people were nice. We visited their house yesterday.
  4.  A boy is a friend of mine. You are using his bike.
  5. Do you know the woman? Her daughter has won the contest.
  6.  We will tell you about the boy.  You met his parents last night.
  7. The girl feels happy.  Her husband has just won  a big prize.
  8.  The author is an English. You are  reading his book.
  9. The pupils study hard. Their parents are proud of them.
  10.  My sister  is trying to get a job. Her children are at school all day.
  11.  The girl is beautiful. Her dress is red.
  12.  The man is a doctor. My parents bought the man’s house.
  13.  The woman is a nurse. We saw the woman’s daughter last week.
  14.  Lan is my friend.  Her mother died last year.  
  15.  The girl is my sister.  You took the girl’s picture.
Exercise 3: Fill in the blank with relative pronouns 
1. The person ….........you want to see has just gone away.
2. The girl ......… was here yesterday has gone to Paris.
3. The flowers .........… you bought yesterday are still fresh.
4. The cat …...... tail is long doesn’t belong to me.
5. She is the most honest friend …...... I‘ve ever had.
6. The girl …....... mother I was talking to has left the room.
7. All the people …...... I met yesterday, dislike him.
8. What is that music .......… you are listening to?
9. He sees men, women, cats, dogs, and cars........… move round and round.
10. The doctor .........… she visited is very famous.
11. That’s the village …....... I used to live.             
12. That’s the day …...... you came to visit me.
13. That’s the place…........ the car turned over.
14. Are those the reason …......... you went abroad?
15. Tell me the reasons ..........… he told you yesterday
Exercise 4: Choose the best answer
1. They are going to ……………… the anniversary of their 50th wedding.
A. celebrating  B. celebrate                 C. to celebrate D. celebrated
2. The people ……………. live in Greek speak Greek.
A. who            B. where                      C. which                      D. whom
3. The car…………..he has just bought is very expensive.
A. who            B. where                      C. which                      D. whom
4. Tet is a …………..festival of the Vietnamese people.
A. joy                          B. joyful                      C. joyfully                   D. joyfulness
5. The girl……………..put up the Christmas decoration is my sister.
A. who            B. where                      C. which                      D. whom
6. What’s the name of the man________?
                        A. you borrowed his car                     B. which car you borrowed
                        C. whose car you borrowed                D. his car you borrowed
7. Some of the people ______ invited to the party can’t come.
                        A. that                         B. whom                     C. who             D. which
8. Do you know the woman ______ lives next door?
                        A. she                          B. who            C. whom                     D. her
9. The man _____ answered the telephone told me you were away.
                        A. whom                     B. he                            C. who             D. what
10. Some people ______ were arrested, have now been released.
                        A. that                         B. which                      C. whom                     D. X
11. They give their children everything _____ they want.
                        A. what                       B. x                             C. who            D. how
12. The women ______ he fell in love left him after a few weeks.
                        A. with whom B. who            C. to whom                 D. for whom
13. Do you still remember the day ______ we first met?
                        A. where                     B. whom                     C. which          D. when
14. I don’t know the name of the woman _______ I spoke on the phone.
                        A. whom                     B. who            C. to whom                 D. to that
15. This school is often for children _____ first language is not English.
                        A. who            B. that                         C. whose                     D. X
16. The picture ______ Laura painted is being shown in an exhibition.
                        A. that                         B. which                      C. why            D. A and B
17. The plane ______ has just taken off is an hour late.
                        A. it                             B. what                        C. which                      D. who
18. Melanie was looking after a dog ______ leg had been broken in an accident.
                        A. who            B. whose                     C. that                         D. what
19. I have just bought a television set ______ made in Japan.
                        A. which made            B. in which made        C. who is madeD. made
20. They took her to the hospital, ______is only a mile away.
                        A. which                     B. where                      C. in which                  D. that

Exercise 5: Combine each pair of sentences in to one using relative pronounces.
1. It’s a book . It will interest children of all age.
à……………………………………………………..
2. The people keep having all night parties. They live next door.
à ……………………………………………………………
3. These are the keys. They open the front doors and the back door.
à …………………………………………………………..
4. Here an article. It might interest you.
à ………………………………………………………………..
5. Where are the eggs? They are in the fridge.
à ……………………………………………………………………….
6. Have you got something? It will get ink out of the carpet.
à ……………………………………………………………….
7. Where is the girl? She sells the ticket.
à ……………………………………………………………..
8. Half of the people didn’t appear. They were invited.
à …………………………………………………………………..
9. The festival is called Easter. It is in late March or early April.
à …………………………………………………………..
10. The pupil gets the scholarship. He is poor.
à …………………………………………………………….
Exercise 6: Combine each pair of these sentences
1.The house is very modern. It has a beautiful garden.
->____________________________________________________
2.That man seem very lonely.His wife and family are away.
->___________________________________________________
3.He is a reliable friend. I can trust him with anything.
->___________________________________________________
4.That mountain is difficult to climb. It has many dangerous slopes.
->________________________________________________________
5. Those prize pigeons have been stolen.They were very valuable
->__________________________________________________________
6. our dog lucky is seven years old. He is a great favorite with the family.
->__________________________________________________________
7. The man is coming to tea. He wrote this poem.
->__________________________________________________________
8. my brother Jack is a pop singer. You saw him yesterday.
->__________________________________________________________
9. The magazine is very interesting. You lent it to me.
->__________________________________________________________
10. The dress is lovely. You are wearing it.
->__________________________________________________________
11. Was the hat very expensive? You were wearing it yesterday.
->__________________________________________________________
12. The restaurant always serves good food. We enjoy having dinner there.
->__________________________________________________________
13. The man is a teacher. You spoke to him in the street.
->__________________________________________________________
14. There is the lady. Her purse has been stolen.
->__________________________________________________________
15. Where is the man? He sold me these sun-glasses.
->__________________________________________________________
16. The paint on the seat is still wet. You are sitting on it.
->__________________________________________________________
17. All the people have disliked him. I have ever met these people.
->__________________________________________________________


18. Her father has just returned. He has been to Paris.
->__________________________________________________________
19. Bill wants to go out with me. We saw him at the dance.
->__________________________________________________________
20. Flies carry disease. They come mostly in the summer.
->___________________________________________________________
21. Swimming is a good sport. It makes people strong.
->___________________________________________________________
22. Grass is always green in England. Cows and horses love it.
->__________________________________________________________
23. Air is made up of many gases. We breathe it.
->___________________________________________________________
24. Jackie Chan is a famous actor. I know his sister well.
->___________________________________________________________
25. The house needs mending. We are living in it.
->___________________________________________________________
26. This tree should be cut down. The branches of the tree are dead.
->___________________________________________________________
27. Tell me the reason. You left the city for it.
->___________________________________________________________
28. That river is not safe for swimming. Its water is polluted.
->___________________________________________________________
29. Can you suggest the time? We’ll meet at that time.
->___________________________________________________________
30. Mr Johnson is going to Spain. His daughter has been living there for 4 years.
->__________________________________________________________
Exercise 7: Combine each pair of these sentences. Use who/ which. Start each sentence with the.
1. I man has gone to the prison. He shot two policemen.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
2. A building has now been rebuilt. It was destroyed in the fire.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
3. A scientist has won the Nobel Prize. He discovered a new planet
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
4. A bomb caused a lot of damage. It went off this morning.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
5. A little girl has been found safe and well. She has been missing since Tuesday
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
6. A company has laid off thousands of workers. It owns Greenway Supermarkets.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
7. A girl is now in hospital. She was injured in the accident.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
8. A bus  runs every hour. it goes to the airport.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
9, A footballer has been banned from playing again. He took drugs.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
10. A car looks very futuristic. It won the race last year.
-> ...........................................................................................................................................
Exercise 8: Choose the best answer
  1. The story …. Tom tells are usually very funny
a. when                        b. that              c. where                       d. who
  1. I met the woman …. Can speak six languages
a. who             b. that              c. which                       d. whom
  1. Have you ever seen the money….. was on the table
a. who             b. which                      c. where                       d. whom
  1. The factory ….. Jonh works in is the biggest in the world
a. when                        b. where                      c. which                       d. how
  1. I don’t agree with … you have said
a. what                         b. who             c. when                        d. which
  1. The reason …. I phone him was to invite to the party
a. what                         b. whose                      c. why             d. which
  1. That man overthere,….name I don’t remember,is an artist
a. who             b. whose                      c. whom                      d. which
  1. Jim passed his driving test,… surprised every body
a. who             b. which                      c. whose                      d. whom
  1. Do you remember the day …. We first met
a. who             b. what                        c. where                       d. when
10. Everything …. I told you are true
            a. That                         b. what                        c. when                        d. who
     11.Tet is a festival........occurs in late January or early February .
A.which B.when C.where D.in which
     12.Family members..........live apart try to be together at Tet.
A.whose B.why C.who D.whom
 13. we will soon gather at the village...............the festival is taking .
A.which B.when C.where D.in which
14.I couldn’t go to the show...........was held in Hoi An last summer .
A.which B.when C.who D.where
15. The man............is a manager is 45 years old .
A.Whom B.who C.what D.whose
16. To the mother ............feelings for me are so strong that the word love can’t describe them .
A. who B.whom C.whose D.that
17. That is a house..............I was born .
A.in which B.in that C.which in D.in where
18. I recently visited the school..............I used to study five years ago .
A.which B.where C.that D.at where
19. Mount Pinatubo, ..........is a volcano in the Philippines, erupted in 1991
A. when B. where C. which D. at that
20. Lan is a small girl .............mother tells her about Tidal wave in Japan last year
A. who B. whose C. that D. whom
21. The country.............won the 1998 Tiger Cup is  Singapore .
A. at where B. which C. when D. in that
22. Ba,..............lives on Trang Tien Street, likes playing the guitar .
A. who B. whose C. which D. whom
23. Andrew is flying to Sacramento,.........is the capital city of California .
A. to where B. which C. to which D. to that
24. The explorer .................discovered America is Christopher Columbus .
 A. who B.  which C. in that D. Whose
25. Miss Lien ,...............he is talking to , is my English teacher .
A. to whom B. whose C. to who D. whom
26. The novel.............you gave me on my birthday has been lost .
A. in that B. that C. which in D. at which

Exercise9: combine the following sentences
  1. William want to become a judge.William’s brother is a lawyer
  2. Jame wrote an article.The article indicated that Jonh dislike the president
  3. She is a lady.He argued with her
  4. That is the shop.I bought a radio from it
  5. John reveived a scholarship.John’s grade are the highest in the class
  6. Those birds migrate to Antartica.They breed neer to north pole
  7. My sister want to speak.You saw her yesterday
  8. They’ve got three cars.They never use 2 of them
  9. It has been raining all day.I hate this weather
10. Hoan Kiem is a historical place.They want to visit during their holiday


CHAPTER 10: CONNECTIVES
(And, or, but, so, therefore, however, because, although, inspite of,  )
1.And (và,cũn) 
Sue and I go shopping
2.  Or   (hoặc) su chon lua
Is she a teacher or doctor?
3.but (nhưng) su tuong phan
I invited all my class mate to my party but only 10 people come
4. so (do vậy) dung de chi ket qua
I had a toothache so I went to see a dentist
5. therefore (do đó)
He’s only 14 years old,therefore he is not enuogh old to drive a car
6.however (tuy nhiờn)
    I feel tired,However I have to finish my work
7. Because (bởi vỡ) + S + V 
    Because of + N / V – ing
I go to bed early because it is rain 
I go to bed early because of raining
8. Though / Althuogh / Even thuogh + S + V …(mặc dự)
     In spite of / Despite + N / V – ing/ the fact that + clause
Although the weather was bad, I went out with my friends
In spite of the bad weather, I went out with my friends

(I)Fill in the blanks with and, or, but, or so, because, therefore, however, although, inspite of
    1. you can sing a song ____you can tell a funny story
    2. We’ve tried hard,____ we never successed
    3. She pick up her bag _____ hurried ran towards the bus getting into the station.
    4. we’ve planned for a picnic ____ the rain let us down
    5. Bring an umbrella with you,____ you ‘ll get wet
    6. the weather was terrible,____ they canceled the flight.
    7. The house was on fire,_____ they managed to save it.
    8. Open the door _____ let it some fresh air.
    9. I like drawing,______ my sister has given me a box of color pencils.
    10. I often tell my little brother a story,_____ not a long one, so that he get to sleep.
    11.  Sinh decided to leave school ____ I advised him not to do so
    12. _____ feeling rather ill, he didn’t wear any warm clothes to school.
    13. People still smoke _____ knowing the dangers.
    14. He managed to go to school _____ his right leg is injured.
    15. He bought the pen _____ its high price.
    16.  _____ my father is up to neck at work, he always spends some time talking to me every day.
    17.  Polly's watch was broken………she borrowed mine.
    18.  My family went to Africa………we wanted to study the wild animals.
    19.  Melissa tried to read the book………she couldn't understand it.
    20.  She isn't English. ………, she speaks English perfectly.
    21.  They went to town………bought a lot of clothes.
    22.  The road was under water. ………, the police closed it to traffic.
    23.  the air is polluted………there is too much traffic.
    24.  I haven't got a car………I've got a motorbike.
    25.  Which color do you want - red, green, yellow, ………blue?
    26.  She is working late next Friday……… she can't come to the party.
(II)Combine the following pairs of sentences using therefore,however,or because,although, even though.
 
  1. Thi hated going to the beach. She was afraid of high waves
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. I love animals. I am not ready for a pet yet
-> ...........................................................................................................
  1. I began to get furious and about to fight. My friends rushed and held me tight
 
  1. I put a coin in the slot machine to get a coke. All I got was an empty cup.
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. The parking lot was full. We missed the first ten minutes of the film.
  2. I love to wander through the park. I enjoy the early morning fresh air.
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. The baby didn’t stop crying. All the passengers on the bus looked at the mother angrily.
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. Some people like to talk. Tien just wants to watch TV.
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. she earns a lot of money,but she never wastes it (although)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. Mr.An has a laptop computer, but he rarely use it (Though)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1. My sister doesn’t really enjoy the job, but she works very hard (Even though)
_-> ...........................................................................................................
  1.  The forecast said it would rain. It turned out to be a beautiful day. (although)
-> ...........................................................................................................
  1.  I'm not better . I've taken the bill. (Eventhough)
-> ...........................................................................................................
  1.  I told the absolute truth. No one would believe me. (but)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1.  He didn't notice the sign. It was right in front of him. (though)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1.  Jason was very tired. He leant back and closed his eyes. (because)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1.  I'm learning French. I like learning French. (and)
-> ...........................................................................................................
  1.  You can't speak to Tim at the moment. He is sleeping. (so)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1.  Noboby would recognize him. He wore glasses and false beard. (so that)
-> ............................................................................................................
  1.  Nick had nowhere to go. He slept on the park bench. (since)
-> ...........................................................................................................
  1.  Simon couldn't come to the meeting . He was busy. (therefore)
-> ..............................................................................................................................
 (III).Correct the underlined words where necessary.
  1. She failed because she didn’t work hard
  2. However it was raining heavily, We canceled the game.
  3. I like soccer very much. But I can’t play it.
  4. There was a serious accident on National Road 1. So the traffic was heavily blocked.
  5. She can’t see well so she has to wear glasses.
  6. Everybody loves him because he is always ready to help.
  7. Therefore he successfully passed the final exam, his family is very proud of him.
  8. The teacher ended the class earlier than usual however she had something to do.
  9. The alarm unfortunately stopped working therefore he was late for class.
  10. The whole family wanted to eat out to night. However, my father suggested that we should cook something and enjoy our happy time together.
Choose the best answer
  1. The new camera didn’t work,.....................Minh took it..............to the shop.
A.so/ back B.because/ to C.and/ from D.since/ out
  1. We can not swim in this part of the river.............the water is highly polluted
A.because B.moreover C.but D.so
  1. I’m tired.............................I stayed up late watching TV .
A.since B.and C.when D.so
  1. . She wants to go home...................................she feels sick .
A.if B.because C.until D.because of
  1. There will be big floods every year............................you cut down the trees .
A.as B.since C.if D.so
  1. Baths use twice as much water as showers,................I suggest taking shower .
A.because B.however C.besides D.so
  1. I’d love to play volleyball .........I have to complete an assignment
A. however B. and C.but D.so
  1. . Lan failed her English,................., she has to do the test a gain .
A.therefore B.however C.because D.but
  1. Minh got wet,...........he forgot his raincoat .
A.so B.because C.and D.therefore
  1. We should buy a ladder.................we need to fix the roof .Because there must be strong wind blowing .
A. in addition B. in case C. therefore D. so
    21.I’ll bring a raincoat.......................it rains
A.so B.in case C.but D.since
  1. My father has to go to work..................it is raining hard .
A.because B.but C.though D.so

4-Viết lại các câu sau sao cho nghĩa không thay đổi:
1) Although Tom was a poor student, he studied very well.
=> In spite of ______________________________________________
2) Mary could not go to school because she was sick.
=>Because of ______________________________________________

3) Although the weather was bad, she went to school on time.
=> Despite ________________________________________________

4) My mother told me to go to school although I was sick.
=> In spite of _______________________________________________.
5) Because there was a big storm, I stayed at home.
=> Because of _______________________________________________
6) Tom was admitted to the university although his grades were bad.
 =>Despite __________________________________________________

7) Although she has a physical handicap, she has become a successful woman.
=> Despite __________________________________________________
8) In spite of his god salary, Tom gave up his job.
=> Although _________________________________________________
9) Though he had not finished the paper, he went to sleep.
=> In spite of _________________________________________________
10) In spite of the high prices, my daughter insists on going to the movies.
=> Even though ________________________________________________.

**Adverb clauses of reason:
1. They like him because he is kind.
-> Because of_________________________________________
2. I can’t sleep because it is cold.
-> ___________________________________________________
3. We came late because there was the traffic jam
->____________________________________________________
4. She went to bed early because she felt tired.
-> ____________________________________________________
5. The test is difficult, so we can’t do it.
->_____________________________________________________
6. They didn’t go for a picnic because there was a storm.
->_____________________________________________________
7. I can’t study because it is noisy outside.
->_____________________________________________________
8. All the teacher love him because his conduct is good.
->_____________________________________________________
9. Because she didn’t get up early, she missed the first bus.
->_____________________________________________________
10. She didn’t go to school because she was sick.
-> ____________________________________________________
11. Because there was a strike, the workers stopped working.
->_____________________________________________________
12. We couldn’t drive because the streets are crowded.
->_____________________________________________________
13. She worked very hard to earn a lot of money because her mother was sick.
->_____________________________________________________
14. Because it snowed continuously, we couldn’t go out.
->_____________________________________________________
15. The accident happened because the driver was careless.
->_____________________________________________________
16. Because the door was broken, we decided to fix it.
->_____________________________________________________
17. Because my friend was absent, I must copy all the lesson for him.
->_____________________________________________________
*18. Although she was clever, she didn’t succeed.
-> in spite of_________________________________________
19. Although my grandfather is old, he walks to the pagoda every day.
->_____________________________________________________
20. He is unhappy though he has a good salary.
->_____________________________________________________




CHAPTER 11 - ARTICLE

THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE “A” & “AN”(MẠO TỪ KO XÁC ĐỊNH “A”& “AN”).
    1. Hỡnh thức :
                    Mạo từ không xác đinh có hai hỡnh thức “a”&”an”.
+ Mạo từ “a” được trước các danh từ bắt đầu bằng các phụ âm.
a book                  : một quyển sỏch
a chair                  : một cỏi ghế
+ Mạo từ “an” được trước các danh từ bắt đầu bằng các nguyên âm: a, e, i, o, u… hoặc h câm.
an arm-chair        : một cỏi ghế bành
an umbrella         : một cỏi dự
an hour                 : một giờ
an honest man     : một người thật thà
Lưu ý:
Ta dùng “ a” trước các danh từ bắt đầu bằng “u” khi “u” được đọc lµ /ju/ .
a uniform
a university
                  a union
             b. cỏch dựng :
* Mạo từ không xác định dùng trước danh từ  đếm được ở số ít.
* Ta dùng mạo từ “a” và “an” khi người nghe chưa chưa biết ta nói về cái gỡ. Ta dựng “the” cho người hay vật được nhắc đến trước đó, nghĩa là người nghe hiểu được ta đang nói về cái gỡ.
I have a dog. (Người nghe chưa biết ta nói về con cho nào)
            c. Những trường hợp không dùng mạo từ không xác định:
+ Không bao giờ dùng “a” hay “an” trước danh từ số nhiều.
                              a chair                        chairs
                              an umbrella               umbrellas
+ Không bao giờ dùng “a”, hay “an” trước danh từ không đếm được.
+ Khụng bao giờ dựng “a” hay “an” trrước danh từ trừu tượng.

THE DEFINITE ARTICLE “THE” (MẠO TỪ  XÁC ĐỊNH “THE”).
      1. Cách phát âm mạo từ xác định "The":
      a. Đọc /ðə/ trước phụ âm:
VD      : the boy
      b. Đọc / ði/ trước nguyên âm hoặc h câm:
VD      : the animal
               the honest man
      2. Mạo từ xác định có thể được dùng với danh từ đếm được và không đếm được, số ít lẫn số nhiều.
      3. Mạo từ "The" được dùng trước:
      a. Danh từ chỉ người hoặc vật vừa mới được nói tới: lần đầu dùng a/ an lần sau dùng "the".
VD      :A child was crossing the road. Mr B stopped his car and waited for the child to cross. 
      b. Người hoặc vật chỉ có 1:
VD      : the President
               the moon  
      c. Số thứ tự:
VD      : Room 101 is on the first floor.
      d. Danh từ riêng ở số nhiều:
VD      : the  Browns (gia đình ông Brown)   
      e. Tính từ dùng như danh từ số nhiều:
VD      : the blind (hội người mù)
      f. Tính từ dùng như danh từ trừu  tượng:
VD      : the beautiful (cái đẹp), the good (cái tốt)
      g. Tên biển, đại dương, sông, dãy núi:
VD      : the Atlantic (Đại Tây Dương), the Red river (Sông Hồng)
      h. Tên nước số nhiều:
VD      : the Philippines, the United States, the USA, the Great Britain (United Kingdom), the Holland. 
      i. Tên bốn phương:
VD      : the East, the West, the South, the North (Đông, Tây, Nam, Bắc)
      j. Tên tàu thủy:
VD      : the Titanic
      k. Tên báo chí:
VD      : the Times (thời báo)
      l. Danh từ tập hợp:
VD      : the army and the navy (Lục quân và hải quân)
      m. Hình thức so sánh bậc hơn diễn tả tỉ lệ thuận hoặc nghich giữa hai việc:
VD      : The more I know him, the more I like him.(Tôi càng biết anh, tôi càng mến anh)
      n. Trong một số thành ngữ:
VD      : in the morning, in the afternoon, all the year around (quanh năm) in the country
      4. Mạo từ "The" không được dùng trước:
      a. Danh từ số nhiều với nghĩa chung:
VD      : Cats catch mice.
      b. Danh từ trừu tượng với nghĩa chung:
VD      : Independence or death (Độc lập hay cái chết)
      c. Danh từ chỉ chất liệu với nghĩa chung:
VD      : Gold is a valuable mental. (Vàng là một kim loại quý)
      d. Danh từ bữa ăn:
VD      : Breakfast  is ready.
      e. Danh từ màu sắc:
VD      : He likes green.
      f. Danh từ về tiếng nói các nước:
VD      : His native language is English.    (Tiếng mẹ đẻ của anh ấy là Tiếng Anh.)
      g. Danh từ về các môn học, nghệ thuật, thể thao, trò chơi:
VD      : Football is my favorite game.
      h. Danh từ về những ngày trong tuần, tháng, mùa, ngày lễ:
VD      : He goes to school every day except Sunday. (Anh ta đến trường mọi ngày trong tuần trừ CN.)
              MayDay.
      i. Danh từ chỉ chức vị đi với danh từ riêng:
VD      : President Lincold.
      j. Các danh từ chỉ phương tiện
VD      : by car
      l. Trong một số thành ngữ;
VD      : next Tuesday
              last Monday
              at noon (vào buổi trưa)
              at night (vào buổi tối)
              by night (ban đêm, về đêm)
              from north to south (từ Bắc sang Nam)
EXERCISE : ARTICLES
            I. Add "a' or "an" where necessary:
1.   He drove the car at ninety miles .......... hour.
2.   My brother wants to be.............. engineer.
3.   ......... cigarette ......... is made of ............. tobacco and .............. paper.
4.   ............. milk comes from .......... cow.
5.   We make ............... butter and cheese from ........ milk.
6.   .............. window is made of glass.
7.   ......... cat has .......... tail.
8.    ............. coffee is ........... drink.
9.   ........... fish swims in .......... water.
10. ............. rose is .......... beautiful flower.
11. We eat ............. soup with .............. spoon.
12. I can write .......... letter in ............. ink or with ................. pencil.
            II. Add "a", "an" or "the" where necessary:
1.   .............. friend of mine has two dogs and ........... cat.
2.   Put your bag in ................ back of ...........car.
3.   Which is ................. quickest way to ............. Star Hotel?
4.   It is ....... pity that ................ friends you spoke of have not come.
5.   Would you like .......... cup of .............. tea and ......... cake?
6.   It's beter to tell ....... truth than to tell ............... lies.
7.   We had dinner together at ............... good restaurant yesterday.
8.   ........... Thames, ............. Seine and .............. Rhine are famous rivers.
9.    Mothers often tell ........... small children ........... stories before bedtime.
10.  I dislike towns but I like ............. countryside.
11. Where is ......... hat that I bought yesterday?
12. Smith, ..........man you met yesterday, is ........... honest  man.
13. .............. cheese, .............. butter, .......... iron and ................  milk are all substances.
14. ............. Alps are ............ highest mountain in ................ Europe.
15. He crossed ................ Atlantic in .............. record time.
16. It's .......... shame! There won't be another train for at least hour.
17. Stay in .......... hotel or ........... inn near ........... station.
18. ................ wool is one of .............. chief exports from ............. Australia.
19. I had ............. lunch with ............. old friend on ............... Saturday.
20. What ............... weather! ........... rain hasn't stopped all ...........day.
21. Out of .......... sight, out of .............. mind.
22. He collects .............. butterflies, ............. stamps and ................ match boxes.
23.  .............. cat caught .......... mouse yesterday but .............. lucky mouse escaped.
24. I like ............. lot of .............. milk in my tea and ..........few lumps of .......... sugar.
25.  He came to see me .............. last week and said it was last opportunity he would have.
26. In ................. last week of ............... year we had .......... lot of snow.
27. ................ nature is more wonderful than ....... works of ........... man.
28. He works all .........day and every day from ........ morning till late ................ night.
29. He asked for ........ bread and ........butter: ......... loaf of .......... former and ........... pound of ........ latter.
30. He won ............... prize of ............... hundred pounds and spent it all in ................. week.
31. He became ................. soldier and proved to be ................. good soldier.
32. He is ........... man for .............. job! None other can do it so well.

Exercise 1: Choose the best answer
  1. Albert Einstein was ….famous scientist
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Albert Einstein was born in ….Germany n 1879
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Albert Einstein won …..Nobel Prize in physics in 1921
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Albert Einstein left his country and live in ….States until he died in 1955
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Albert Einstein is known for his theory of … Relatively
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Roentgen was ….Germany physist who discover X-Ray
 a. a                  b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1.  Roentgen won ….1901 Nobel Prize
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Mandela was born in ….South Africa
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
  1. Mandela was …first president elected in ….South Africa after ….Apartheid was revoked
a. a-the-the b. the-X-X            c. a-X-the                    d. the-the-the
10.Mandela was imprisoned for ….nearly 30 years for his anti-Apartheid activities
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
11. Mother Teresa was ….Roma Catholic nun
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
12. Mother Teresa became famous for her hard work with …poor
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
13. She was …founded of ….order of nuns called the Missionaries of Charity
a. a-an b. a-X              c. the-X                       d. the-an
14. Mother Teresa livd in …..Calcutta,India
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X
15. Mother Teresa received …..her Nobel peace price in 1979
a. a                   b. an                            c. the               d. X



CHAPTER 12  - CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
I / Type 1:
1. Form
 
If clause Main clause

                       Present simple
 

Future / present simple
 
Examples: If I go out, I will buy a newspaper.
                        If you don’t work hard, you won’t pass the final exam.
2.USE: Dùng để diễn tả một hành động hay kết quả có thể sẩy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai.
3. Note : - chúng ta có thể sử dụng can hoặc may thay cho will        
Kathy is in hospital. If I have time, I can visit her
                   - Chúng ta không sử dụng thì tương lai trong mệnh đề chứa If
II / Type 2:
1. Form
 
If clause Main clause
Past simple
Be (were for all persons)

Would + V-(bare form)
 
 2.Use : Dùng để diễn tả một hành động hay kết quả không có thực ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai.

Examples : If I passed the exam, I would have a scholarship
                         If I were you, I would tell him the truth.
                   If I didn’t have a bike, I wouldn’t go to school

3.Note: - Chúng ta có thể sử dụng Could hoặc might thay thế cho would ở mệnh đề chính
If I won the lottery, I could / might stop working
                 - Chúng ta không được sử dụng would / might / could trong mệnh đề chứa If
(I)/ Correct the verb form :
1. If you are hungry, I (make) you something to eat.
2. If I see Mark, I (invite) him out for dinner
3. I’ll visit Nga if I (go) to Ha Noi.
4. If she (ask) me,I’ll help her.
5. If you (not get) to bed now, you can’t get up early tomorrow morning.
6. I don’t think I will join you if it (keep) raining like this.
7. I (not take) the bus if it is too late.
8. If you go on playing truant, the teacher (not let) you sit the final exam.
9. If I (see) Tom, I will tell him
10. Cats could fly if they (have) wings
11. If Lan (study) harder,She would get better mark
12. you will be late for class if you (not hurry)
13. If today (be) a holiday, I would stay in bed all day.
14. If he (enjoy) concert why doesn’t he come with us?
15. If she (make) him change his mind, she would save him a lot of troubles.
16.If you ( go) away, please write to me.
17. If you ( be) in, I should have given it to you.
18. If he (eat) another cake, he will be sick.
19.  I ( not do )  that if I (be) you.
20. If he (take) my advice, everything can go well.
21. I would have come sooner if I ( know) you were here.
22. He never does homework. If he ( do) his homework, he (not worry) about his examination.
23.It’s too bad we lost the game. If you (play) for us, we( win).
24.What you (do) if she refuses your invitation?
25. If today (be) Sunday, we (go) to the beach.
26. Unless they (pass) their examinations, they would join the army.
27. You (be) ill if you drink that water.
28. If Tom (go) to bed earlier, he would not be so tired.
29. Had we known your address, we( write) you a letter.
30. If it’s raining heavily, we (not go) for a donkey ride.
31. If he (try) hard, he’ll pass the axamination.
32. I could understand the French teacher if she (speak) more slowly.
33.If she (not be) busy, she would have come to the party.
34. If I (finish) the work in time, I ( go) to the football game.
35. If you( see) Mary today, please ( ask) her to call me.

(II)/ Rewrite sentences so that the meaning stay the same.
1. I don’t buy it because I don’t have enough money
If I _________________________________________________________
2. I am busy now, so I can’t help you
If I _________________________________________________________
3. There will be a shortage of water unless it rains
If ___________________________________________________________
4. John is fat because she eat many chips
If she ________________________________________________________
5. I’ll only help you if you promise to try harder
Unless _______________________________________________________
6. If it doesn’t rain soon, the crops will be lost
Unless _______________________________________________________
7. I am very tired so I can’t concentrate properly.
If ___________________________________________________________
8.We don’t have a garden, so we don’t grow our own vegetables.
If ___________________________________________________________
  9.He doesn’t give you good advice because he isn’t your true friend.
  If ___________________________________________________________
 10.We come late because the rain is so heavy.
  If ___________________________________________________________
 11.You don’t get better marks because you don’t study harder.
  If _____________________________________________________________
 12.She is very busy so she can’t go out tonight.
  If _____________________________________________________________
 13.I don’t know anything about her background, so I can’t tell you.
 If ______________________________________________________________
14. I wasn’t hungry so I didn’t feel like eating.
 If _____________________________________________________________
15. She’s so shy, that why she doesn’t have many friends.
 If ______________________________________________________________
16. I remembered Susan’s birthday only because you reminded me about it.
 If ________________________________________________________________
 17. The car in front stopped so suddenly, so I crashed into its back.
 If _________________________________________________________________
 18. They painted the wall brown; that’s why the house looked very dark.
  If ________________________________________________________________
Conditional Sentence Type I :
1/ My brother will have enough money. He will buy a bicycle.
àIf ___________________________________________________________
2/ I’ll buy a new hat. I’ll give it to you.
àIf ___________________________________________________________
3/ You’ll ask the teacher. He’ll explain the lesson to you.
àIf ___________________________________________________________
Conditional Sentence Type II :
1/ I don’t have enough money. I can’t go on a long holiday this year.
àIf ___________________________________________________________
2/ I don’t have a typewriter. I can’t type it myself.
® ____________________________________________________________
3.I don't live in a big city, so I can't go to the cinema very often.
àIf ___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Lan doesn’t have a bike, she walk to school.
àIf ____________________________________________________________________________________
Conditional Sentence Type III:
1. He didn’t hurry, so he missed the train.
-> If_____________________________________________________________
2. We canceled our picnic because it rained very hard yesterday.
-> If_____________________________________________________________
Choose the best anawer
  1. He’ll go with us __ it rains
  2. Life will be destroyed __ all our sources
a. as long as                 b. unless                      c. if                  d. whether
  1. __ we can find new sources of energy,our life come to an end
a. unless                      b. when                       c. if                  d. b or c
  1. ___ you phone me when you come to England?
A. do                           b. have                         c. will d. would
  1. Unless we hurry,we’ll __ the bus
a. miss                         b. remember    c. catch            d. get in
  1. If you stay up late the previous night,you ___ sleepy the next morning a. feel                     b. t feel                         c. feels             d. will feel
  2. Will you go to see the doctor if you ___ a headache?
A. has              b. will have                 c. having         d. have
  1. Unless you ___ smoking your health won’t get worse
a. cntinue         b. continued       c. are countinuing     d. will continue
  1. He won’t speak English ___ he goes to England
a. when                        b. if                  c. unless                      d. which
  1. If you aren’t carefylly,you will ___ it
a. spoiling                   b. spoil            c. be spoiled    d. to spoil
  1. If Mrs Laura Taylor ____ 5 years younger,she would walk round
a. was              b. is                 c. had been                  d. were
  1. If you ___ hard,you will pass the exam
a. study                        b. studied        c. will study    d. would study
  1. He will not learn much ___ he work harder
a. if                              b. unless          c. as                             d. because
  1. If I were him I ___ smoking
a. will stop                  b. stopped                    c. would stop   d. shall stop
  1. If he ___ early,he’d get to work on time
a. got up                      b. gets up                     c. get up                      d. has got up
  1. ____you ____your dinner if your mother was will?
a. will …cook b. will cook         c. would cook       d. would … cook
  1. I’d tell you if I ___ the answer
a. know                       b. knows                      c. knew            d. will have known
  1. If we had more time,we _____ for a picnic
a. will go                     b. would go                 c. went             d. will have gone
  1. What ___you ___ if your father gave you $200?
A. will …buy b. will buy          c. would … buy       d. would buy
  1. If you ____ ,you be late
a. not hurry                  b. won’t hurry      c. doesn’t hurry     d. don’t hurry
  1. What ____ if he fell ill?
A. would happen         b. will happen c. shall happen            d. happened
  1. If John ___ to his home town,he would visit his mother
a. go                b. has gone                  c. went                         d. had gone
  1. If she ___ here now,she could give us some advices
a. a. is b. was              c. were                         d. has been
  1. I ___ not loose my way if I ___ you
a. would/was      b. would/were    c. will/am              d. will/was
  1. ____ I came,she was learning
a. when                        b. if                  c. because                    d. as soon as
  1. I ____ not be late for class if I ____ you
a. would/was   b. would /were            c. will/am        d. will/was
  1. If I were you,I would ____ her
a. marry                       b. to marry                  c. married                    d. marrying
 
  1. You ____ the exam unless you study hard
a. will fail                    b. would fail    c. will pass          d. would pass
  1. If it ____ , I shall take an umnrella with me
a. rain              b. rains                        c. to rain                      d. rained
  1. I ____ be able to give you the answer if you asked me tomorrow
a. would                      b. will              c. should                      d. might
  1. If I ____ the teacher,I would give an easier test
a. was                    b. were                        c. is                              d. am
  1. If I were you,I ____ visit them without an invitation 
a. won’t                       b. hadn’t                      c. don’t                        d. wouldn’t
  1. If you want ___ there before dark,you should start at one
a. get                           b. to get                       c. getting                     d. got
  1. Ask him ____ in don’t keep him standing at the door
a. come                        b. came                        c. to come                    d. coming
  1. I don’t know him but he looks as if he _____ be his brother
a. can               b. could                       c. would                      d. should
  1. If it ____ fine,I shall go out
a. was              b. will be                     c. is                              d. were
  1. If you look hard enough,you ____ it 
a. will find                   b. will be finding              c. are finding       d. found


CHAPTER 13 - PHRASAL VERBS

Một số cụm động từ thường được sử dụng
 

Turn on
Turn off
give up
keep on
calm down
look after
look for
look at
look up
wake up
go on
….

run into
ran out
eat out
come across
fill in
stand out
stand for
pass away
take after
take care of
take part in
….















(I)/ Fill in the blanks with the suitable form of the phrasal verbs in the box
1.Oh my God! My computer ___ again. This is the third time this week
2. Why are you so upset? Lien didn’t intend to spill coffee on you.______!
3. Please don’t ____ the TV. I’m doing my homework
4. How about ____ tonight. I really don’t like to cook
5. My father knows smoking isn’t good for his health, but he can’t _____.
6. I’m not ready to stop yet. I think I’ll ___ working for a while.
7. I _____ one of my high school friend this morning. We haven’t seen each other for years.
8. have you ever had to ______ a baby for the whole week?
9. this machine automatically _____ after 2 minutes not in use
10. The sound he made ______ the whole street.
(II)/ Replace the underline with an aquivalent phrasal verb in the box
1.A : Can you tell me what this word mean?
   B : Why don’t you check its meaning in the dictionary?
2. That guy died very young in an accident
3. The class meeting was postponed until futher notice.
4. The little boy said that when he was older, he wanted to be a pilot.
5. Who do you want to see?
6. We can believe him. He is reliable.
7. Could you please complete this form?
8. He looks like his father
9. You did a good job, Nhung! Your work really is excellent
10. a lot of people in my neighborhood get up early and do morning exercise
III/ Complete the dialogues, using the correct form of the phrase verbs in the box.
 
look after/ take off / fill in / turn up / give up / try on / keep up/ turn off/ see off/ look up /  run out/ break down
1. A; What shall I do with this form?
    B ; Just fill it in and send it to the address  at the top.
2. A: Is Sonnia a fast runner?
    B: Oh, yes. Nobody else can ………with her.
3. A: Why didn't you buy a dictionary?
    B: The bookstore has ………of them.
4. A: Is Cathy going to Australia tomorrow?
    B: Yes, I'm going to ………her………
5. A:  Would you like to go to the movies with us?
    B: I'd love to but I have to……… my youngest sister.
6. A: Why are you so late?
    B: I'm sorry. My car………on the way here.
7.  A: Why don't you ……… that dress in the window?
   B:  No, I don't like it color.
8. A: Have you got Tamara's phone number?
   B:  No. but if you want to know, you can………it………in the phone book.
9. A: Hello, Tom.
     B: Hello, Michelle. Good to see you. Come in and ………your coat……… .
10. A: You shouldn't leave the television on all night.
    B: Sorry, I forgot. I usually ………it………before going to bed.

11. A: Have you met Jame yet?
      B: No, I haven't. I arranged to meet her after work last night but she didn't ………
12. A: So how long is it since you ………smoking?
     B: Well, I stopped smoking three years ago.
Choose the best answer
1.I got up late in the morning because my a larm clock didn’t.....................
A.go off B.get off C.put off D.come off
2. My parents.........me.........at the railway station .
A.saw /on B.saw /off C.took / off D. left / off
3. Lan dropped his watch when he was...............the bus .
A.turning off B. getting off C.taking off D.going off
4.Could you.............the radio ? I’m trying to finish this assignment .
A.turn on B.turn off C.turn in D.turn over
5. Can you ........the volume, Hoa ? I want to listen to the weather forecast tomorrow .
A.turn up B.take up C.put up D.go up
6.Remember to............your shoes when you go into the temple .
A.put in B.put on C.take on D.take off



CHAPTER 14  - ADJS + THAT CLAUSE & ADJS TO + INFINITIVES
 (I)/ form :
 

       S + be + adjective of feeling + that + s + V + …
       It + be + Adjs + to + V (base form)
 

Examples: I’m glad that the weather is fine
                   I was sad that he had lied to me
(II)/ note : some common adjective of feeling
Angry             glad                         proud                   tired                 bored               happy sad                    unhappy                 delighted         kind                      sure          unpleased disappointed        please                      surprised            upset            worried
Underline suitable adjectives:
    1. I’m (glad / sad) that my parents are healthy
    2. Mr Nam was (happy / disappointed) that he failed the driving test
    3. Nhan’s parents (are happy / sad) that he didn’t obey them
    4. Vi was (happy / upset) that she received a lot of beautiful wishes on her birthday.
    5. Mr Nguyen was (upset / glad) that the flight had been delayed three times today.
    6. Ni is (furious / delighted) that everything has gone wrong with her since early morning.
    7. Vu is (bored / delighted) that he has nothing to do.
    8. Loan was (surprised / disappointed) that her brother offer to help her with the housework.
    9. Giang is (happy / annoyed) that her little brother disturbs her studying.
    10. Anh is (disappointed / surprised) that the rains last too long.
Fill in the blanks with suitable adjectives of feeling in the box
 
Happy            bored               sure              surprised                   worried
 
  1. The teacher was ___ that the whole class got good results in the exam.
  2. The coach was very ____ that the team would win.
  3. Nhi is ____ that her study is becoming worse.
  4. Ngoc is ____ that her grandma is coming to stay with her family next week.
  5. Lam and Ling are _____ that the final exam is due very soon.
  6. We are ____ that they refused our offer.
  7. The singer was ____ that the whole auditorium was completely quite.
  8. Doctor Binh is ____ the patient can recover faster than he expected.
  9. Huong is ___ that the final test may be very difficult.
  10. Trinh was ____ she had to part her friends in a long time.
VI/ Write the sentences, using the Adjective + to-infinitive structure:
            Ex: It/ difficult/ learn/ Japanese. -> It's difficult to learn Japanese.
1. We/ delighted/ get/ your/ letter/ yesterday.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
2. It/ not easy/ answer/ these questions.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
3. Your writing / difficult / read.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
4. I/ surprised/ see/ Paul/ the party/ last night.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. It/ impossible / understand/ his theory.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..
6. They/ ready/ start/ now.
-> ……………………………………………………………………………..






CHAPTER 14 ADJECTINES & ADVERBS
I/ Tớnh từ : (Adjectives)
    1. Định nghĩa: Adjs là từ được dùng để chỉ tính chất, màu sắc, kích thước..của sự vật, hiện tượng
    2. Về mặt hỡnh thức chỳng ta cú thể nhận biết tớnh từ ở cỏc mẫu cõu sau :
Ex:       He was very ____
The____ boy is very _____
It is extremely ______
    1. Về mặt cấu trỳc chỳng ta cú thể nhận biết cỏc Adjs khi thấy chỳng tận cựng bằng : - ful(useful; careful; harmful..); - ic(atomic); - ous(dangerous); - al(national); - ive (active) …..
    2. Vị trớ của ADJs:
  • Adjs đứng trước các danh từ mà nó bổ nghĩa
Lan is a good student
                                                              Adj     N
Nam and Trung are careful drivers
                                    Adj      N
  • Đứng sau các động từ nôí:(Linking verbs)
(be; keep; seem; smell; sound; become; look; feel; taste)
They are intelligent
She look happy
The cake taste delicious
Please keep silent in class
    1. Nếu cú nhiều tớnh từ cựng bổ nghĩa cho một danh từ thỡ tựy loại tớnh từ chỳng được xắp xếp theo thứ tự sau đây
Tính chất + kích thước + tuổi tác + màu sắc + quốc tịch + vật liệu
Mark Twain was a famuos American writer
She has beautiful big blue eyes
I/ Trạng từ : (Adverbs)
1. Định nghĩa : ADVs là từ dùng để bổ ghĩa cho động từ, tính từ hoặc trạng từ khác bằng cánh mô tả cách thức, mức độ, phạm vi hoạt động hoặc tính chất do động từ, tính từ hoặc một trạng từ khỏc diễn tả
2. Chỳng ta cú thể nhận biết trạng từ bằng cỏc mõũ cõu sau
He walked _____
He was ______ tired
He had ____done it
* Trạng từ chỉ thể cách nhằm diễn đạt cách thức của hành động được thể hiện như thế nào (nhanh, chậm, ,,,,,). Cách thành lấp là ta thêm đuôi “Ly” vào sau tính từ
Happy -> happily
Quick -> quickly
Warm -> warmly
Ngoại lệ : friendly, Godly; lonely; leisurely …là tớnh từ
  • Vị trớ của trạng từ trong cõu :
  • Đúng ngay sau động từ mà nó bổ nghĩa
He drives carefully
          V       Adv
  • Nếu đọng từ có tân ngữ thỡ nú được đặt ngay sau tân ngữ

Mai  play guitar well
                    O     Adv
  • Để nhấn manh, các trạng từ chỉ thể cách có thể đứng trước động từ
He carefully read the book
  • Trạng từ có thể đứng trước một tớnh từ hoặc một trạng từ khỏc
It is extremely cold
             Adv      Adj
They swim very well
                     Adv  Adv
  • nếu cú nhiều trạng từ thỡ vị trớ của chỳng được xắp xếp như sau :
Thể cách + nơi chốn + thời gian 
  • Chỳ ý : Một vài trường hợp tớnh từ và trạng từ cú cựng hỡnh thức
Fast (nhanh) – hard (vất vả, khó khăn) – late (trễ) – long(dài) – early (sớm) – kindly (tử tế)
MẸO LÀM BÀI: CÁCH CHỌN TÍNH TỪ VÀ TRẠNG TỪ ĐIỀN VÀO CHỔ TRỐNG:
+ Nhỡn phớa sau chổ trống (kế bờn) nếu gặp DANH TỪ thỡ điền TÍNH TỪ. Nếu gặp TÍNH TỪ hoặc ĐỘNG TỪ thỡ điền TRẠNG TỪ .
Vớ dụ : I have a … book .( beautiful/beautifully). Nhỡn phớa sau cú book là danh từ nờn ta điền tính từ . I have a beautiful book.
It was … done. (careful / carefully). Nhỡn phớa sau cú động từ done nờn chọn trạng từ
It was carefully done.
+ Nếu nhỡn phớa sau khụng cú cỏc loại từ trờn thỡ nhỡn từ từ ra phớa trước :
- Nếu gặp ĐỘNG TỪ thỡ chọn TRẠNG TỪ
- Nếu gặp BE, LOOK, FEEL, SEEM, GET, BECOME ... thỡ chọn TÍNH TỪ
His song is … bad. (extreme/extremely) => His song is extremely bad. (Cõu này bạn nhỡn phớa trước thỡ thấy to be, cũn phớa sau thỡ là adjective, thế thỡ bạn chỉ cần nghĩ ngay đến adverb ở giữa, Nhớ : Sau to be + trước Adj = Adv)
She is … (beautiful/beautifully) => She is beautiful (phớa sau khụng cú gỡ hết, nhỡn từ từ ra trước có is => dùng tính từ)
She was dancing very … . (beautiful/beautifully) => She was dancing very beautifully. (phớa sau khụng cú gỡ hết, nhỡn từ từ ra trước có dancing => dùng trạng từ)
Bài tập 1: Dựng tớnh từ hay trạng từ
  1. Tom is (slow)… . He works… .
  2. Sue is a (careful)… girl. She climbed up the ladder … .
  3. The dog is (angry)… . It barks… .
  4. He acted (excellent)… . He’s an … actor.
  5. They learn English (easy)… . They think English is an … language.
  6. Max is a (good)…  singer. He sings… .
  7. It's (awful)…  cold today. The cold wind is… .
  8. Dogs rely on their noses as they can smell (extreme / good)… . If that is true, why does dog food smell so (terrible)… ?
  9. The little boy looked (sad)… . I went over to comfort him and he looked at me… .
  10. I tasted the soup (careful)…  but it tasted (wonderful)… .
Bài tập 2: Điền vào chỗ trống trạng từ hay tính từ:
  1. He … reads a book. (quick)
  2. Mandy is a … girl. (pretty)
  3. The class is … loud today. (terrible)
  4. Max is a … singer. (good)
  5. You can … open this tin. (easy)
  6. It's a … day today. (terrible)
  7. She sings the song … . (good)
  8. He is a … driver. (careful)
  9. He drives the car … . (careful)
  10. The dog barks … . (loud)

Correct the word forms
  1. Do you have a ____ costume in your country?(NATION)
  2. I believe you because I know you are _______(TRUTH)
  3. Those berries are _____.Don’t eat them!(POISON)
  4. The gas from the chemical factory was extremely ____(HARM)
  5. Always read label on a products,it can give you useful____(INFORM)
  6. These shoes look quite smart but they are terrible ___(COMFORT)
  7. It’s nice shop and the assistants are all polite and very ____(HELP)
  8. He is probably the most _____tennis player of all time (SUCCESS)
  9. It was extremely ___of you to leave your library book on the bus(CARE)
  10. Why was his lecture so ____?(BORE)
  11. Do you have a ____ costume in your country?(NATION)
  12. I believe you because I know you are _______(TRUTH)
  13. Those berries are _____.Don’t eat them!(POISON)
  14. The gas from the chemical factory was extremely ____(HARM)
  15. Always read label on a products,it can give you useful____(INFORM)
  16. These shoes look quite smart but they are terrible ___(COMFORT)
  17. It’s nice shop and the assistants are all polite and very ____(HELP)
  18. He is probably the most _____tennis player of all time (SUCCESS)
  19. It was extremely ___of you to leave your library book on the bus(CARE)
  20. Why was his lecture so ____?(BORE)
21. Although they are rich, they are .........(happy)
22. What is a........house!(love)
23. Quang is ..............kind(extreme)
24. The village is very.........(peace)
25. He is a............person(help)
26. He is an ..............of the telephone(invent)
27. The kitchen is a.........place to play(danger)
28. ..........,we miss the bus(fortune)
29. We are .........about the new year(excite)                    
30.I feel very .........(bore)
31. The film is very........(interest)
32. They work....... hard(real)


CHAPTER 15 - PARTICIPAL ADJECTIVES
(ADJS ENDING IN “ED” AND “ING”)

Hỡnh thức phõn từ của động từ (present participal:-ing/ past participla:-ed) được dùng như tính từ. Có rát nhiều các tính từ được thành lập theo cách nói như trên
 
 
  • amused/ amusing(thớch thỳ, thỳ vị)
 
  • embarrassed/ embarrassing(bối rối, ngượng)
  • annoyed/ annoying(bực mỡnh, phiền phức)
  • astonished/ astonishing(ngạc nhiờn)
 
  • bored/ boring(chỏn nản)
 
  • interested/ interesting(quan tõm/ thớch thỳ)
  • disgusted/ disgusting(gớm/ghờ tởm)
 
  • amazed/ amazing(ngạc nhiờn)
 
  • excited/ exciting(hấp dẫn, sụi nổi)
 
  • shocked/ shocking(bị sửng sốt, gõy sửng sốt)
 
  • surprised/ suprising(ngạc nhiờn)
 
  • worried/ worring(lo õu)
 
  • depressed/ depressing(nản lũng, buồn phiền)
 
    1. Tính từ tận cùng bằng “ed” mang nghĩa bị động và thường được dùng trong mẫu câu S – V – C với chủ ngữ là danh từ hay đại từ chỉ người (verbs:tobe, look, seem, feel, get, sound…)
    2. Tính từ tận cùng băng “ing” mang nghĩa chủ động và thường được kết hợp với chủ ngữ là vật hoặc đại từ vô nhân xưng số ít
Ex:
I feel tired/bored because my job is boring/tiring
Những tớnh từ tận cựng bàng “ing” thường được thấy trong các cấu trúc sau:
  1. Something + be/ look/ get ..+ “-ing adjs”
Ex: The result was disappointing
  1. It is/ was + “-ing adjs” + to infinitive / that + s + v
Ex: It is interesting to read this story
       It was suprising that he passed the examination
  1. Someone + find + someone/ something + “-ing adjs”
Ex: I find my new boss very interesting
      Many people find this book interesting
  1. I am (interest) in learning English
  2. It is (interest) to play soccer
  3. This day is (bore). So I feel (bore)
  4. I am (tire) because I have to do (tire) job
5.  I was (shock) because of her behaviour


CHAPTER 16 -  COMPARISON

A.Lý thuyết.
I.So sỏnh bằng:
* Form:      S1 + V + as + adv + as + S2.
                  S1 + be + as + adj + as + S2.
* Eg:      - She runs as quickly as her brother.
              - John is as tall as Tom.
*So sánh không bằng/ kém hơn.
* Form: (-) S1 + not + be + as/so + adj + as + S2.
                  S1 + do/does/ did..-not + as/so + adv + as + S2.
              (-) S1 + be + less + adj + than + S2.
                   S1 + V + adv + than + S2.
 *Eg:     - He is not so good as his brother.
             - I am less rich than you.
II.So sánh hơn.
  • Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.
*Form: S1 + be + short adj-er + than + S2.
             S1 + V + short adv-er + than + S2.
Eg : - Mr. Brown is older than Mr. Peter.
        - He drives faster than I (do).
  • Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài.
 * Form: S1 + be + more + long adj + than + S2.
              S1 + V + more + long adv + than + S2.
Eg : - A car is more expensive than a bicycle.
        - Ha writes more carefully than Hai 
III.So sánh hơn nhất.
  • Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.
    *Form: S + be + the + short adj-est.
                S + V + the + short adv-est.  
    *Eg: - Ha is the tallest student in my class.
            - Lan runs the fastest in the class.
  • Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài
   *Form: S + be + the + most  + long adj.
               S + V + the most +  long adv.
   *Eg: - This is the most difficult lesson in the book
           -Huong speaks English the most fluently in my class.

  IV. So sỏnh kộp:

*  Form: The + short adj-er + clause , the + short adj-er + clause.
              The + short adv-er + clause , the + short adv-er + clause.
 
* Eg: - The sooner we arrive, the better we do.

* Form: The + more + clause , the + more + clause.
* Eg:  - The more you study, the more you  learn.
* Các trường hợp ngoại lệ
 
Adj/adv So sánh hơn So sánh hơn nhất
Good/ well  (tốt) Better the best
Bad/ badly   (xấu) Worse the worst
Many/ much  (nhiều) More the most
Little (ớt) Less the least
Far (xa) farther/further the farthest/furthest
Old (già) older/elder the oldest/eldest
Near (gần) Nearer the nearest/next

B.Bài tập.
I.Choose the correct word or phrase in the brackets.(Chọn từ hoặc cụm từ   đúng trong ngoặc.)
1.Of the four dresses, I like the red one(better/best)
2. Bill is the (happier/happiest) person we know.
3. Pat’s cat is (faster/fastest) than Peter’s.
4.This poster is (colourfuler/more colourful) than the one in the hall.
5.Does Fred feel ( weller/better) today than he did yesterday?
6.This vegetable soup tastes very( good/best)
7.Jane is the ( less/least) athletic of all the women.
8. My cat is the ( prettier/ prettiest) of the two.
9.This summary is ( the better/ the best) of the pair.
10. The colder the weather gets,(sicker/the sicker) I feel.

II.Put the correct  forms of the adjectives and adverbs in the brackets.         
( Dựng hỡnh thức đúng của tính từ/ trạng từ trong ngoặc.)
1.Mary is (pretty) as her sister.
2. A new house is (expensive) than an old one.
3. His joib is( important) than mine.
4. Of the four ties, I like the red one(well).
5. Nobody is (happy) than Miss Snow.
6.Today English is the ( international) of languages.
7.Jonh is much( strong) than I thought.
8. Benches are ( comfortable) than arm- chairs.
9. Bill is (good) than you thought.
10.Mr Bush is the (delightful) person I have ever known.
11.Dick is the ( careful) of the three workers.
12.Is the book( interesting) than the one you read last week?
13. Gold is ( preciuos) than iron.
14.The weather today is ( warm) than the weather yesterday.
15.This film is not (good) as the one we saw last week.
16.Holidays are( pleasant) than working days.
17.Which is ( high) mountain in your coutry?
18. A house is ( strong) than a dog.
19. Robert is ( fat) than his brother.
20.The Pacific is ( large) ocean in the world.
III. Rewrite these sentences, using the beginning words.( Viết lại câu sau, bắt đầu bằng các từ cho sẵn).
    1.Yesterday the temperature was nine degrees. Today it’s only six degrees.
        => It’s …………………………………………………………………….
2.The journey takes four hours by car and five hours by train.
=>It takes………………………………………………………………….
3. We were very busy at work today. We are not as busy as that every day.
=> We………………………………………………………………………
4. Jane cooks better than her sister.
=> Jane’s sister…………………………………………………………….
5.Tom is the best football player in this team.
=> Nobody in this team…………………………………………………..
 IV. Choose the best answer:
 1.      She is the______ daughter in the family.
          a. older                       b. more old              c. eldest                      d. oldest
2.       She speaks English as______ as you.
          a. clear                       b. clearly                  c. clearness                d. very clear
3.       HCM city is ______ than Nha Trang
          a. more large             b. as large                c. not so large            d. larger
4.       Your pencil is ______ as mine.
          a. as sharp                  b. not sharp             c. sharper                   d. sharp
5.       This car is ______ than mine.
          a. less expensive      b. as expensive       c. more rich               d.not so expensive
6.       The______ he is, the more miserable he gets.
          a. richer                      b. more riches         c. more rich               d.noneis correct
7.       He is the student in this class.
          a. very intelligent     b. most intelligent   c. more intelligent d.less intelligent
8.       Despite its smaller size, the Indian Ocean______ the Atlantic Ocean.
          a. as deep as              b. is the same deep as   c. deeper as         d. is as deep as
9.       Sharon______ from other women I know.
          a. different                 b. as different          c. differs                  d.more different
10.     This one is prettier, but it costs______ as the one.
          a. as much as             b. twice as much     c. as many               d.twice as many
 

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